The situation in Yemen has deteriorated significantly since March 2015, with a dramatic escalation of violence and armed conflict, further compounding the already precarious humanitarian situation. OCHA estimates that as many as 18,8 people are in need of some kind of humanitarian or protection assistance, including 10,3 million who are in acute need1 . The scale of the needs and the scope of the emergency response have required a large, multi-agency and multi-sector response to be undertaken.
With the rapid deterioration of the security situation across the country, the increase of humanitarian needs, the dire economic crisis and the limited infrastructure available, additional logistical support is required to ensure humanitarian organisations responding to the crisis can deliver efficient and effective assistance to the people affected.
The Logistics Cluster will facilitate access to common logistics services (temporary storage; air, sea and overland transport; fuel distribution), as well as assuming a coordination and information management role to maximise the use of available resources in-country, and avoid duplication of efforts.
Logistics Gaps and Bottlenecks
The major constraints on the ability of humanitarian organisations to respond to the crisis in Yemen are: the lack of access due to insecurity, a rapidly changing security situation, and limited or much damaged infrastructure.
Specifically, the following logistics gaps have been identified:
Congestion at main entry points (POD – port of discharge);
Unreliable and unpredictable access to sufficient quantities of fuel, as well as high volatility in its price;
Limited international shipping options to Yemen, especially by air;
Limited in-country storage capacity;
Poor overland transport capacity from neighbouring countries.
Based on the needs expressed and identified by the humanitarian community, and in close alignment with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), the Logistics Cluster aims to facilitate access to sufficient and reliable logistics services and operationally relevant information, to ensure a timely and uninterrupted supply of life-saving relief items to affected populations.