· Despite a ceasefire agreement that had remained in effect since early June, limited clashes between Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) forces and opposition tribal groups have occurred in Yemen’s capital, Sana’a, since August 5, according to the U.N. Relief agencies have not reported increased humanitarian needs resulting from the resumption of fighting.
· Fuel supplies have increased throughout Yemen as a result of mid-July repairs to a pipeline in eastern Yemen’s Marib Governorate that transports more than half of the country’s crude oil supply, according to international media. Increased fuel supplies may help alleviate disruptions to Yemen’s economy and to the provision of food and water, which have exacerbated already poor humanitarian conditions throughout Yemen; however, high fuel prices—100 to 150 percent higher than prices prior to the disruption in oil supplies—continue to impede fuel access and negatively affect vulnerable populations’ purchasing power as a result of increased commodity costs associated with high transport costs.
· Since late July, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $2.2 million in additional humanitarian assistance to address the needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Yemen. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) committed more than $520,000 in additional funding for economic recovery and market systems, logistics and relief commodities, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities. In addition, the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) provided an additional $1.7 million to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to register IDPs in southern Yemen and distribute emergency relief commodities, including food supplies and hygiene kits. In total, the USG has provided more than $52.4 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen in FY 2011.