In mid-December, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) deployed two Regional Advisors (RAs) to Yemen’s capital city, Sana’a, to meet with implementing non-governmental organizations (NGOs), assess the humanitarian situation, and coordinate USAID/OFDA program activities with other donors and humanitarian organizations. Based upon discussions with implementing organizations and other relief agencies, the USAID/OFDA RAs determined that significant humanitarian needs persist throughout the country and are particularly acute in conflict-affected areas of northern and southern Yemen.
Starting in early December, escalating clashes between Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) security forces and anti-government demonstrators resulted in numerous deaths and injuries in Yemen’s second largest city, Ta’izz. The fighting has limited residents’ access to basic services, particularly water and medical care, according to U.N. agencies and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
On December 14, the U.N. launched the 2012 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP), the U.N. Consolidated Appeals Process document for Yemen, requesting $447 million to benefit approximately 4 million vulnerable people countrywide. The 2012 YHRP appeal funding requirements represent a 54 percent increase over the 2011 YHRP due to deteriorating humanitarian conditions and the increased cost of assistance delivery, according to U.N. agencies.
In FY 2011, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $63 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen, including nearly $15 million from USAID/OFDA, more than $24.9 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), approximately $670,000 from USAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives (USAID/OTI), and $22.5 million from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM).
To date in FY 2012, USAID/FFP has provided nearly $11.5 million in emergency food assistance to Yemen. USAID/OFDA and State/PRM continue to support ongoing activities in agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems (ERMS), humanitarian coordination and information management, health, logistics and relief commodities, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), benefiting approximately 400,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other vulnerable individuals throughout Yemen.