KSA-led Coalition-imposed port closures interrupt commercial and humanitarian imports, resulting in food and fuel shortages, sharp price increases
Many areas of Yemen likely to experience Famine levels of acute food insecurity within three to four months
2018 Yemen HNO identifies 22.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance
On November 4, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) intercepted a missile launched by Al Houthi forces toward the KSA’s capital city of Riyadh, prompting the KSA to temporarily close all of Yemen’s air, land, and sea ports on November 6. Although the KSA officially reopened the ports in late November, the KSA-led Coalition has only cleared a limited number of commercial and humanitarian shipments to enter Yemen’s Red Sea ports. No fuel vessels have been allowed to enter Red Sea ports since November 6, resulting in sharp fuel price increases and forcing at least five major cities to shut down fuel-reliant water supply systems.
From December 1–6, clashes between Al Houthi and General People’s Congress (GPC) forces in Yemen’s capital city of Sana’a and Coalition airstrikes throughout northern Yemen resulted in at least 234 deaths, 400 injuries, and impeded the freedom of movement of approximately 1 million people, relief actors report.
On November 20, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) released a food security alert warning that many areas of Yemen will likely experience Famine—IPC 5—levels of acute food insecurity within three to four months if the vessels carrying commercial food and fuel imports are restricted from entering Yemen’s Red Sea ports.4
On December 12, USAID/FFP announced nearly $130 million—nearly $84 million in U.S. in-kind food assistance and $46 million supporting the provision of locally- and regionally-procured food—in FY 2018 funding to the UN World Food Program (WFP) for emergency food assistance operations in Yemen. The assistance is sufficient to support approximately 7 million people for three months.