A limited number of individuals displaced from Abyan Governorate, where Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) forces battled militant groups between May 2011 and June 2012, have returned home following the RoYG’s recapture of Abyan’s capital city, Zinjibar. Hundreds of families have returned to Ja’ar, Lawdar, and Zinjibar towns since June, according to Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). However, insecurity and damaged houses and municipal infrastructure are preventing significant displaced populations—approximately 320,000 individuals—from returning to Abyan permanently, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
In order to respond to current and emerging needs and support early recovery in Abyan, OCHA released an appeal in mid-July identifying approximately $87 million in humanitarian requirements to assist 320,000 people. The six-month Abyan Response Plan will supplement the current 2012 U.N. Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan, bringing the total requested assistance countrywide to $591 million.
In FY 2012, the U.S. Government (USG) is providing nearly $108 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen, including more than $20.2 million from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA), nearly $68 million from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP), and approximately $19.7 million from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM). The USG’s humanitarian assistance addresses the needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees, and other vulnerable individuals throughout the country.
Since late June, USAID/OFDA has provided nearly $5 million in additional humanitarian assistance to Yemen. The funding comprises nearly $2 million to the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions and provision of essential relief commodities in San’a’ and Abyan governorates, nearly $2 million to CHF International for several interventions in Ta’izz, Aden, Abyan, and Lahij governorates, and nearly $1 million to International Relief and Development (IRD) for WASH interventions and provision of relief commodities in Al Hudaydah Governorate.