Life before displacement was already hard for the people of Yemen, with major underdevelopment, financial crisis, and poverty. The escalation of the conflict, over one year ago however has forced 2.1 million people to leave behind the one place where they found peace and calm: home.
IDPs staying in collective centres (private buildings, schools, hospitals, etc.) and spontaneous settlements often do not have the option of staying with host families/friends and often face extremely poor living conditions and lack of access to social services. Additionally those staying in schools are under a lot of pressure from the host community to vacate the buildings so educational activities can be resumed. Basic amenities, primary health care and other services and support are often lacking in collective centres. IDPs often cite the challenges as feeling unsafe, lack of privacy, limited representation of their needs, limited freedom of movement and harassment from other IDPs or the host community.
Spontaneous sites are often very basic forms of informal camps where families have been provided with emergency shelters or have constructed rudimentary shelters which are not durable enough to withstand longer periods of displacement, multiple displacements, and climatic conditions.
IDPs have limited access to clean water and appropriate sanitation. The sites can present safety concerns and land disputes which are not uncommon. Displaced families have reported that they often face harassment from the local communities with whom they share already scarce resources, including often limited water supply