Yemen

WFP Yemen Country Brief, July 2017

Attachments

Highlights

  • From 24-27 July, WFP Executive Director David Beasley visited Yemen on a joint mission together with the Executive Director of UNICEF Anthony Lake and WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Ghebreyesus. The goal of the joint mission was to highlight the gravity of the situation, and the urgent need for greater response in Yemen, in order to deter the alarming levels of food insecurity, high levels of malnutrition and the unprecedented cholera outbreak.

  • To support the Health Sector response to the cholera outbreak, WFP was requested by WHO to support the operation through supply chain management through the National Emergency Operations Centre, emergency telecommunication support to the governorate level operations centres and construction support for Diarrhoreal treatment centres. Furthermore, WFP has extended a trial study for providing nutritious foods to cholera patients in two DTCs in Sana’a. Based on the outcome of the trials, and in consultation with the ministry, WHO and other partners, WFP may extend food assistance to other DTCs, particularly focusing on children under five years of age.

  • During the month of July 2017, WFP reached the highest number of beneficiaries so far during this crisis, and provided food assistance and voucher support to 6.03 million people in 19 governorates across Yemen. However, due to the limited availability of resources, some 3 million people received 100 percent rations and 3 million received only 60 percent rations This represents 88.7 percent distribution achievement for the month.

Operational Updates

  • Food distribution: In July 2017, 5,170,786 people are confirmed to have received WFP in-kind food assistance in Abyan, Aden, Al Bayda, Al Dhale’e, Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al Mahwit, Amanat Al Asima, Amran, Dhamar, Hajjah, Ibb, Lahj, Marib, Raymah, Sa’ada, Sana’a, Shawbah, and Taizz (84 percent achieved against the target of 6.13 million this month).

  • Commodity Vouchers through Traders Network (CVTN): For the July cycle, 863,205 people (143,871 households) received assistance through vouchers in the governorates of Amanat Al Asimah, Hodeidah, Sana’a and Taizz (99 percent against the planned 870,468 people in March).

  • Nutrition: To facilitate a CMAM scale-up for preventing and treating moderate malnutrition, WFP is gradually scaling up to provide specialized nutritious foods to 1.83 million people: 990,000 moderately acutely malnourished children between six months and five years old, and 840,000 nursing and pregnant mothers.

Challenges

  • The potential for increased insecurity around Al Hudaydah Port highlights operational concerns surrounding restricted access. This can potentially result in commercial shipping lines to curtail and/or halt their deliveries, which would negatively impact the delivery of humanitarian and commercial food supplies which could have catastrophic consequences for vulnerable Yemenis.

  • In July, WFP faced a serious shortfall of jet A1 fuel, forcing UNHAS to create a contingency plan that has been effective since 12 July. Under this contigency plan, UNHAS maintained the Amman-Sana’a-Amman route with stop overs in Djibouti to refuel the aircraft on its way to Sana’a and on its return. [NB: On 10 August, a WFP contracted truck with 60,000 liters of jet A1 fuel successfully arrived at Sana’a airport].

Impact of Limited Funding

  • Just 43 percent of the resources required by WFP for this emergency operation have been funded. As a result, WFP has implemented mitigation measures including prioritising beneficiares within the already vulnerable population. For example in July 2017, some 3 million people received 100 percent rations and 3 million received only 60 percent rations.

  • However, WFP acknowledges the recent donation of USD 125 million from the United States for emergency food assistance, a donation of USD 26 million from the United Kingdom (DFID) for in-kind and voucher emergency food assistance as well as nutrition support and a Euro 42 million contribution from the German Government for both in-kind and voucher emergency food assistance. Under the current prioritization plan, these donations will enable WFP to continue providing voucher assistance until midSeptember and will cover the food pipeline for in-kind assistance through October. However, WFP will face a shortfall for oil/pluses in November/December and for wheat starting in January 2017. With this latest support, the nutrition pipeline is expected to extend through December 2017.