The Yemen Humanitarian Country Team has launched the Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview for 2017, estimating that 18.8 million people – some 70 per cent of the population - are in need for humanitarian assistance, including 10.3 million people with acute needs. As a consequence of the crisis, 14.8 million people will need health assistance in 2017 and 4.5 million will need nutrition services, a significant increase in comparison to 2016.
At least 51 cholera cases were confirmed in November, with a total of 122 cases in 14 governorates since the beginning of outbreak in October. At least 82 deaths have been reported. UNICEF and partners continue putting in place integrated response and prevention activities in 17 prioritized governorates. Recent tests confirmed the decrease of Acute Watery Diarrhoea cases in locations where water sources were chlorinated.
A third round of Integrated Outreach activities was conducted reaching all governorates in Yemen. Some 11,300 teams provided health and nutrition services, including over 620,000 doses against 11 childhood vaccine preventable diseases throughout the country.
A situation assessment was conducted by UNICEF in At Tuhayat district (Al Hudaydah governorate), where coastal villages are severely affected by malnutrition. In a joint effort, UNICEF plans to reach 6,000 of the most affected families with a 3-month humanitarian cash transfer project.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
At least 18.8 million people in Yemen are in need of humanitarian and protection assistance as a consequence of the ongoing crisis - including 10.3 million girls and boys, as estimated by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) 2017. The decrease in the estimated number of people with humanitarian needs, does not reflect an improvement in the situation but rather the result of enhanced methodologies and data collection. Furthermore, the HCT estimates that needs are particularly acute for 10.3 million people who require immediate assistance to save and sustain their lives, while 8.5 million people are in moderate need and require assistance to stabilize their situation to prevent further deterioration.
While humanitarian partners are designing the scope of the response for 2017, conflict in Yemen gave no respite during the last months of 2016. From 19 to 21 November, a 48-hour truce was agreed but without a noticeable decrease in hostilities. At the end of the month a new government was formed in Sana’a. The implementation of activities in the field, including monitoring, has been constrained by the security situation in several locations, particularly in Marib, Al Bayda, Hajjah and Taizz governorates.
The cholera and Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak declared in October - a consequence of poor hygiene practices and water infrastructure, and limited access to appropriate healthcare – has left 82 deaths and 122 confirmed cases in 14 governorates, 51 more cases since the end of October. Response and prevention activities under the Cholera Integrated Response Plan are under way in 17 prioritized governorates, recent reports show a decline of AWD in areas where water sources have been chlorinated.
Developments in Yemen’s political, economic and financial scenarios during the last months are having negative implications for implementation of humanitarian programmes in the country. Changes in clearance procedures and responsible entities have caused major delays in supply delivery and distribution, risking shortages that may have consequences –particularly for nutrition programming. In addition, the liquidity crisis is impeding partners (e.g. Governorate Health Offices, water authorities, among others) to withdraw cash from their bank accounts, hindering the implementation of life-saving activities. As a consequence of the suspension of public expenditures and the relocation of the Central Bank of Yemen from Sana’a to Aden, government salaries have been reduced or suspended –affecting staff essential for the implementation of UNICEF programmes.