• The world’s worst Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD)/cholera outbreak continues spreading in Yemen. Between late-April and July, 436,625 suspected cases and 1,915 deaths had been reported in 21 of 22 governorates. Health, water and sanitation systems struggling to function as a result of the ongoing conflict, and lack of regular salary payments for many public sector workers have created the ideal conditions for the disease to spread.
• UNICEF and partners continue implementing a multisector response plan, tackling urgent needs and promoting prevention and preparedness. Over 5 million people in high-risk areas have benefitted from a package of services and nearly 17.5 million are expected to be reached by a nationwide awareness campaign, to be conducted by UNICEF and partners in August.
• In July, the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MoPHP), with UNICEF’s and other partners support, carried out a six-day round of integrated outreach (IO) providing health and nutrition services. Among other results, nearly 30,000 children received a second measles and rubella (MR) vaccination and are now fully immunized against 12 preventable diseases.
• Through the scaled up community management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programme, UNICEF continues to reach the most vulnerable children and mothers. The current malnutrition cure rate has increased to 75.8 per cent compared to 71 per cent in 2016, while the number of cases not completing their course of treatment ('default rate') is down to 21.3 per cent from 26 per cent in 2016.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Humanitarian needs in Yemen are at their highest and at least 20.7 million people require humanitarian assistance to thrive, including approximately 11.3 million children. Taking into consideration urgent needs emerging from the recent wave of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) / cholera, and based on new information available on the situation and performance of humanitarian partners, the Yemen Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) agreed to revise the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
Although the original strategic objectives and prioritization remain unchanged, the financial requirements have increased by 13 per cent, 94 per cent of additional funding requirements are linked with the integrated cholera response plan.
By the end of July, 436,625 suspected AWD/cholera cases and 1,915 deaths had been reported in 21 of 22 governorates, and in 297 of 333 districts. Half of the suspected cases in the country are concentrated in just five governorates: Amanat Al Asimah, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Amran and Dhamar. Since the onset of the new wave of the outbreak, UNICEF is working closely with authorities and partners with a multi-sectoral approach addressing not only urgent needs (e.g. supporting case management, training of health workers and ensuring operation of treatment facilities), but also tackling the root causes of the outbreak at household level and promoting preventative practices.