Yemen

UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report (January 2018) [EN/AR]

Source
Published

Attachments

Highlights

• Fighting escalated towards the end of the month, particularly in Aden, and the expanded conflict led to the closure of all schools in Aden (198) for a whole week, depriving 185,235 students of their right to education.
• In the last seven days of January, 50 children were either killed or maimed, and most cases were documented in Sa’ada and Taizz, closely followed by Aden.
• There has been a sharp rise in probable diphtheria cases this month with a total of 923 suspected cases recorded (CFR 6.5 per cent), and over 60 associated deaths (177 per cent and 71 per cent increase from December respectively). UNICEF has now developed an integrated control and containment plan, together with WHO.
• UNICEF reached at least 82,880 people, including 39,670 children, with lifesaving mine risk education messages this month.
• As of 26 February 2018, UNICEF’s response in Yemen has a 75 per cent gap in Education (US$30.8 million required) and 74 per cent in Child Protection (US$ 33.2 million required). Donor funding is urgently needed to help vulnerable children meet their urgent humanitarian needs.

Situation in Numbers

January 2018
11.3 million
# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (estimated)
22.2 million
# of people in need
(OCHA, 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan)
1 million # of children internally displaced (IDPs)
4.1 million
# of children in need of educational assistance
400,000 children under 5 suffering Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)
16million People in need of
WASH assistance
16.37 million People in need of basic health care

UNICEF Appeal 2018
US$378 million
Funding Status
US $ 208 million

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The humanitarian situation in Yemen has continued to deteriorate because of on-going conflict, collapsing basic services and economic decline. An estimated 22.2 million people (including 11.3 million children) are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, an increase of 3.4 million from the beginning of 2017.1
The blockade on the Red Sea ports has not yet been fully lifted and there is an insufficient volume of fuel reaching the country, leading to a hike in the price of basic goods. Families and children are therefore suffering from preventable diseases and malnutrition because they cannot afford to buy food and clean water. At the end of the month, clashes erupted in Aden between the separatist Southern Transitional Council and forces affiliated with President Hadi, further impacting the humanitarian situation. The Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/suspected cholera outbreak continued to spread amongst the population with a total of 32,745 new cases in January 2018 and 15 associated deaths, although the weekly number of cases is decreasing for the 21st consecutive week. Children under the age of five (U5) continue to represent 29 per cent of all suspected cases.
Meanwhile, there has been a sharp rise in probable diphtheria cases this month with a total of 923 suspected cases recorded (CFR 6.5 per cent), and over 60 associated deaths (this increased from 333 and 35 respectively in December 2017). 20 Governorates have reported cases, with Ibb and Al Hudaydah most heavily affected.
This month, the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) documented and verified that 41 children (28 boys; 13 girls) were killed and 62 children (44 boys; 18 girls) were injured because of the on-going fighting. Close to 50 per cent of the children were either killed or maimed in the last seven days of January and most cases were documented in Sa’ada and Taizz, closely followed by Aden. During January, 41 cases of recruitment and use of boys as combatants were documented and verified (CTFMR) in 11 governorates. The recruitment of boys under the age of 18 and their use by all parties to the conflict puts children at high risk of being killed or maimed, and exposes them to serious psychological harm.
The continuation of the conflict in the country is still hindering children from enjoying a safe learning environment. One such example was the escalation of conflict in Aden governorate at the end of January, which led to the closure of all schools in Aden (198) for a whole week, depriving 185,235 students of their right to education. 72 schools in Lahj governorate have been partially hit, further hindering access to education for 30,676 children. In the western governorates of Al Hudaydah and Taiz, increased population movements have been observed as 6,697 families have fled fighting in the last two months, many heading South and thus putting additional burden on an already exhausted education system, particularly in Aden.