General foundations and principles and Objectives
Education is a profession and a message; the teacher is the cornerstone of the reform and development of education; the educational system works to strengthen the link between Theory and Practice; Education and self-education is a tool for continuous learning; information technology is an essential doorway to achieve educational and academic goals.(Article 3, paragraph k)
Considering, recognizing and satisfying learners’ needs and discovering, enhancing, and directing learners’ tendencies is a key factor in improving the process of education and learning. (Article 3, paragraph L)
The educational system is an integrated and balanced system that meets the needs of the community and development plans of human forces and enriches the information and mental and psychological capabilities of learners so that they can face life consciously and knowledgeably. This requires continuous scientific planning at all education stages as well as diversifying the specialized educational institutions that are able to cope up with the constant evolution in accordance with the contemporary requirements culturally and technologically and in line with the cultural identity of the society. (Article 3, paragraph N).
The educational system in the Republic of Yemen is subject to the provisions of this Law; the Ministry of Education shall assume the responsibility of all the stages below the higher education including technical education after elementary school, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research shall be responsible for the higher technical education and scientific research and the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training shall be responsible for vocational training. (Article 4)
Considering education not only as a long-term investment in humans but also as a right. ( Article 6 ; A)
Education is free and subsidized by the state at all stages.
The state shall achieve this principle gradually in accordance with a plan approved by the Cabinet of Ministers (Article 8)
The State shall work to achieve social justice and equal opportunities in education taking into account the social and economic circumstances that hinder some families from taking the advantage of their children’s right to education (Article 9):
The State shall work to maintain the school health care in all education stages (Article 10).
Elementary school stage is public and unified education for all students in the Republic and lasts for (9) years; it is compulsory; students from the age of six shall be admitted in this stage. This stage of education is to discover students’ trends and tendencies and to develop their self-abilities. (Article 18)
10.Education and vocational training is an intermediate stage that attracts the holders of the elementary education certificate and its equivalent. This stage aims to teach the basic hand skills of the modern technical vocations for the purpose of enabling graduates to teach any modern technical skills at the work site. A special regulation issued by the National Council of Education, stipulated in article (11) of this law, shall decide the education system and its term and as well as the type of certificate obtained by the learner and trainee at the end of this stage. (Article (22).