Oxfam Yemen Situation Report #2, 9 June 2015
Yemen is now the country with the largest humanitarian need globally. All 22 governorates are affected by the conflict. Over 20 million people (80% of the population) are in need of humanitarian assistance and IDP figures have doubled in the last 3 months to over 1 million, with concentrations in Hajja and Al Dhalee Governorates. 20.4 million are in need of WASH assistance, 15 million lack access to basic health care (up 40% since March) and 12.5m are food insecure (6 million severely).
C onsidering that Yemen is now classed as one of the biggest humanitarian crises in the world, it would be expected that the profile of the emergency becomes central to government and nongovernment actors around the world. However it is imperative that this attention firstly translates into political pressure for a permanent cease-fire, with adequate resourcing to follow. An increase in resources for Yemen at this point will have limited impact if humanitarian agencies are still unable to access the most affected areas, and in the case of Oxfam, it is vital that prioritisation of Yemen for resources is accompanied by strong advocac y to have measurable effect.
In terms of need, the timing of food security assistance is now becoming critical, as coping mechanisms of vulnerable households are now being exhausted as the seasonal hunger gap comes to an end. Irreversible coping mechanisms, with implications for protection, are likely to increase, with evidence already showing that families are selling reproductive assets to meet their immediate needs, and women being forced to access firewood due to fuel shortages of other cooking fuel. The coming weeks will be a turning point for the emergenc y, as actors will either re-enter Yemen and find the way for ward for providing a response at scale, or will have to again find alternate ways of providing assistance