Operational Guidance on Yemen Integrated Famine Risk Reduction Programming, Final guidance for pilot July 2018
The Nutrition, FSAC, Health and WASH clusters have agreed to support Integrated Programming for Famine Risk Reduction (IFRR) in Yemen. 107 priority districts were identified as those most in need of IFRR in 2018. This is based on the IPC Guidelines on key parameters for IPC famine classification (IPC, 2016), according to which famine is declared based on the three following indicators:
• At least one piece of direct reliable evidence on Mortality.
• At least one piece of direct reliable evidence on the prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition.
• At least one piece of direct reliable evidence on Food Consumption or Livelihood Change OR Documented inference analysis based on at least 4 pieces of somewhat reliable evidence (direct or indirect) on food security contributing factors or outcomes.
As there is no recent mortality data in Yemen, only two indicators (district level estimated GAM rate levels of 15% above and percentage of severely food insecure population of 20% and above) based on the conducted surveys were used for the prioritisation of districts in need of IFRR2 . Furthermore, 30 pilot districts have been selected out of the 107 priority districts for IFRR (districts at risk of famine) where the four clusters will monitor and evaluate the pilot in 2018.
However, the partners are encouraged to follow this operational guidance in all 107 priority IFRR districts in 2018 and beyond. The list of 30 pilot and 107 priority districts is attached as annex 1 and the selection criteria for pilot are presented below:
• The district is a priority for all the four clusters based on needs and priorities and
• All four clusters have capacity to implement in the district (i.e. have submitted targets for the 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan), and
• There are no access constraints (security related, physical, and administrative, etc.).
The IFRR includes interventions from the four clusters (WASH, Nutrition, Health and FSAC) due to interdependent nature of causes related to health, WASH, nutrition and food security and agriculture, that together lead to malnutrition, disease, starvation and preventable mortality if not addressed in a coherent manner.
The guideline aims to provide operational guidance to the four cluster partners to jointly assess, plan, implement and monitor Integrated Famine Risk Reduction (IFRR) Programmes. Clear steps and instructions are provided for each phase in the programme cycle.
The guideline is still a draft and is for field testing, reviewing and updating by the clusters and partners.