The military operation led by Saudi Arabia in support of President Hadi’s government has been going on for more than two weeks. Since 26th March, air raids have been targeting different locations across the country, including the capital Sana’a, Sa’ada, Hajjah, Hodeida, Lahj, Amran, Shabwa and Aden governorates. Conflicts on the ground have also escalated on different fronts. The impact on civilians is huge, and has provoked major displacement of population.
NRC conducted a Rapid Assessment in three districts to estimate the number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and to assess their urgent needs in order to prepare relevant and adequate emergency response. The rapid assessment started on 1st of April 2015 and ended onrd of April 2015.
In the North, the assessment covered the IDPs in Abs district (Hajjah governorate) and in AlZuhra district (Al-Hodeida governorate). This last district is in the very north of Al-Hodeida governorate and borders Abs district in Hajjah governorate. The region has been under Houtis’ control for some months and is being severely bombed since the beginning of the Arab coalition airstrikes. The bombing of the IDP camps of Al Mazraq I and III on the 31st of March led a large number of the households who were living within the camps, and populations of the surrounding localities to move southward to Abs and Al-Zuhra districts. The IDPs in these two neighbouring districts, therefore, falls in the category of secondary displaced.
In the South, the Rapid assessment covered the IDPs of Khanfer district (Abyan governorate).
Heavy fighting on the ground between the military and Houthi forces have been on-going for two weeks in Abyan. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is also fighting the Houthis and the Arab coalition vessels present in the Aden Gulf have bombed the governorate on the 31st of March.