Yemen

Humanitarian Implementation Plan Yemen (ECHO/YEM/BUD/2016/91000) - Last update: 12/10/2016 Version 3

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The full implementation of this HIP is conditional upon the making available of appropriations from the general budget of the Union.

AMOUNT: EUR 70,000,000

The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.

MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

Second modification as of 12/10/2016

Over one year and a half into the conflict, the humanitarian situation in Yemen is further deteriorating. More than 2.2 million persons remain displaced and 950,000 have returned, living in dire conditions. As the situation remains volatile due to the full resumption of the conflict after the end of the peace talks, the number of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) is expected to increase. In addition, arrivals of migrants and asylum seekers from the Horn of Africa continues (at least 10,600 migrants and asylum seekers, mainly Ethiopians, arrived to Yemen via the Red Sea, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden only in September 2016).
With only 26% of original requirements of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP) 2016 funded by mid-August, humanitarian partners reviewed planned activities to ensure that original targets remain feasible and to prioritise the most life-threatening needs. As a result, targets set for crucial activities such as food assistance and treatment of Management of Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) were decreased despite increasing needs on the ground.

Available information suggests that food insecurity has further worsened since the last Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis conducted in June 2016 as a result of the blockade and the collapsing economy. According to the latest data, there is a considerable decrease of food imports, which will impact access to food. During August 2016, food imports were 175,673MT, the lowest amount over the last year.

Acute malnutrition remains of very high concern, with nearly 3 million people (74% children under 5 and 26% pregnant and lactating women) in need of urgent nutrition assistance. 2.1 million people are currently acutely malnourished, including 1.5 million children of whom 370,000 are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This figure represents a 65% increase since late 2014.

As of 11 October, the revised YHRP was funded at 47%. While the food security and nutrition situations further deteriorate, the sectors remain underfunded with 38% and 52% of the financial requirements covered respectively.

This additional EUR 10 million funding will allow ECHO to further support emergency food distributions among the conflict affected population and more specifically IDPs across the country and to increase support to MAM-related activities.

First modification as of 04/07/2016

After 15 months of conflict, Yemen has turned into the number one humanitarian crisis in absolute numbers with 21.2 million people (82% of the population) in need of assistance. The severity of needs has intensified across sectors, with no sign of improvement in the first half of 2016.

As a result of the protracted conflict, large scale population displacement is continuing at an alarming pace. Nearly 3 million people have fled their homes since the start of the conflict, most of whom – over 2.8 million – remain inside Yemen. This number represents a six fold spike in internal displacement since the start of the conflict. Almost two thirds of IDPs have been displaced for 10 months or more, resulting in protracted displacement situations. Four governorates are currently hosting 66% of the total IDP population, namely Taiz, Hajjah, Sana’a, and Sa’ada.

Widespread food insecurity and acute malnutrition (3 million children and pregnant and lactating women in need of treatment) combined with increasing trend of internal displacement and a healthcare system reaching the breaking point represent an immediate concern. The de facto blockade imposed by the Coalition, compounded by reduced operational capacity of seaports, destruction of roads and bridges, and the collapse of the economy and financial system continue to severely limit imports of food, medicine and fuel. Food production and market functioning have also decreased, resulting in reduced availability of basic food commodities and increased prices across the country.

According to the latest IPC figures (June 2016), about 51% of the population (14.1 million people) is currently food insecure. Seven million people are classified as food insecure at emergency level (IPC Phase 4), a 15% increase since June 2015. Available information suggests that displaced populations are facing the worst food security outcomes.

Fifty percent of health facilities are no longer or only partially functioning as a result of import restrictions on drugs and medical supplies, shortage of fuel, and disruptions of salary payment to health personnel. Deaths among under five children have reportedly increased by 23% compared to pre-crisis levels. The primary health care system is now almost entirely dependent on foreign aid.

The 2016 YHRP (USD1.8 billion, targeting 13.6 million people) is currently funded only at 25% level, thus preventing humanitarian partners from scaling up operations. The cessation of hostilities which started on 10 April creates conditions for humanitarian actors to expand operations in certain areas, monitor hard-to-reach areas and engage in assessments that would provide basis for new interventions. If, in addition, this new round of peace talks succeeds, access could improve in areas which were heavily affected by on-going conflicts where households have faced multiple displacements and are in urgent need of life-saving assistance.

Given the limited contributions to the YHRP and the growing divide between humanitarian needs and response, the European Commission decided to increase by EUR 30 000 000 the budget of the HIP 2016 for the Yemen Crisis. This additional funding will allow ECHO partners to increase life-saving support for populations affected by the conflict and, in particular, to expand emergency food distributions, emergency health care and assistance to acutely malnourished people among local communities and IDPs across the country.