Yemen

FAO Yemen Situation Report - 1 July 2016

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Situation Report
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IN NUMBERS

14.1 million people food insecure (more than 50% of the population)

2.75 million people displaced since the escalation of conflict in March 2015

118 000 people reached by FAO since March 2015

USD 20.05 million still required by FAO within the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan 2016

KEY MESSAGES

  • 19 out of 22 governorates are facing Emergency (Phase 4) and Crisis (Phase 3) levels of food insecurity, according to the June 2016 Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC). Nine governorates are in Phase 4, and ten governorates are in Phase 3. As much as 70 percent of people in some governorates are struggling to feed themselves.

  • At least 26 percent of the population is living under Emergency levels of food insecurity – a 15 percent increase since June 2015 – and 27 percent of the population is in a state of Crisis. Both groups need urgent life-saving food and livelihood assistance.

  • The humanitarian crisis will turn into a humanitarian disaster unless urgent funding is received to meet immediate food needs as well as protect, recover and build resilient livelihoods. The severity of the food security and nutrition situation in Taiz City and Lowlands needs specific attention.

  • The volume of food required in Yemen is far greater than humanitarian actors can provide. Agriculture must be an integral part of the humanitarian response to prevent Yemen’s dire food security situation from worsening.

  • Urgent funding is needed to: help communities feed themselves through backyard farming and small poultry production; vaccinate livestock in time for winter; prevent families from missing the food production season (funding needed by August/September to ensure planting of cereals); and rehabilitate water harvesting infrastructure for local food production.

FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION CRISIS

The crisis has severely disrupted the agriculture sector. Ongoing conflict, displacement and limited access to farmland and fishing sites continue to cause significant losses to agriculture and threaten farmers’ livelihoods. Major drivers of food insecurity include fuel shortages and import restrictions that have reduced availability of essential food commodities in the country, which imports some 90 percent of its staple foods. Limited access to water supply for irrigation due to high fuel prices, shortages of seeds and fertilizers have crippled crop production across Yemen, where around 50 percent of the labour force earns their living from the agriculture sector and related activities. Domestic prices of wheat were 12-15 percent higher in May 2016 than before the crisis. Two cyclones in November 2015, plus flash floods and locust swarms in April 2016, further affected communities already struggling to cope, limiting their ability to produce and access food. The situation within affected areas is likely to deteriorate if conflict persists.