ECHO Factsheet – Yemen – January 2018

FACTS & FIGURES

  • 22.2 million people (80% of population) in need of humanitarian assistance, of which, 11.3 million people in acute need

  • Over 3 million internally displaced (of which 0.9 million returnees)

  • 17.8 million people food insecure

  • 16.4 million people in need of basic health care

  • 16 million people lack access to safe water and sanitation

EU humanitarian funding:: €120 million in 2015 & 2016 €76.7 million in 2017

Introduction

Yemen remains the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. The country has been devastated by a war between forces loyal to the internationally-recognised government and those allied to the Houthi rebel movement. An estimated 22.2 million people - 80% of the population - are in need of humanitarian assistance or protection. This includes 11.3 million deemed to be in acute need; an increase of more than one million people since June 2017. The country is also suffering the largest cholera outbreak ever recorded in modern history, with over one million suspected cases reported in 2017 and over 2200 related deaths.

What are the needs?

Millions of Yemenis are affected by a triple man-made tragedy: the brutal armed conflict, a looming famine and the world's largest ever single-year cholera outbreak. Civilians are facing serious risks to their safety, well-being and basic rights. All parties to the conflict have repeatedly violated International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and houses, bridges and other critical infrastructure have been destroyed or damaged. Reports of grave violations against women and children have increased. Despite the tremendous scale of humanitarian needs—Yemen is classified by the UN as a Level 3 emergency—the country remains a neglected crisis, both financially and politically.

The government is no longer able to deliver basic services to people in need, including basic healthcare, nutrition services, water and electricity supply, and social safety net services. The humanitarian situation is rapidly deteriorating as a result of spiralling violence between the warring parties and access restrictions imposed by the Saudi-led military coalition in the north since 6 November 2017. Import of basic food items, fuel and medicine have become more difficult and costlier as a result of increasing restrictions imposed. Water and power plants, factories, markets and shops stopped functioning in many locations, or have been damaged by the war. Salaries of public servants in Houthi controlled areas have not been paid for over a year, inflation and a liquidity crisis further expose civilains to poverty and destitution. According to the UN, unless all restrictions on imports are lifted immediately, Yemen will witness the largest famine of the last decades.