1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Following sporadic clashes between Al Houthi groups and the Yemeni Government in July 2009, the situation in Sa'ada Governorate escalated into open conflict on 12 August, in the sixth round of hostilities since 2004. In consultation with the Yemeni Government, a flash appeal was issued on 2 September for US$23,750,000 (1) to respond to the displacement triggered by the fighting.
Since then, the situation in northern Yemen has continued to deteriorate. Tens of thousands of people have been displaced from Sa'ada and Amran Governorates, adding to those displaced by previous rounds of fighting. Although the precise number of IDPs is still hard to establish due to access constraints, their number is estimated at 175,000 (2). For many, it is their second or third displacement over the last few years. In addition to IDPs, the threats to civilian populations remaining in areas of intensified fighting are severe.
This revision of the Flash Appeal has been undertaken in coordination with the Yemeni Government as the humanitarian needs and trajectory of the crisis have become clearer. The situation remains critical and volatile: the conflict is expected to continue well into 2010 as both sides have repeatedly declared their intentions to continue fighting until all of their objectives have been achieved. The Flash Appeal has been revised to cover the identified needs of a projected caseload of 175,000 IDPs, and up to 800,000 people indirectly affected by the conflict, including communities hosting IDPs and residents who have lost access to basic services such as food, water and healthcare.
The current crisis is unfolding in a context of significant vulnerability with a high prevalence of poverty and lack of investment in basic services. Repeated confrontations impacted coping mechanisms.
Four governorates – Sa'ada, Amran, Hajjah and Al Jawf – have been particularly affected by the fighting and the Government of Yemen does not have the capacity to meet the humanitarian needs of the affected population on its own. The most urgent needs of IDPs and their host communities remain protection, food, water and sanitation, shelter, essential domestic items and access to health care.
Limited humanitarian access, partially due to continued insecurity, has hampered needs assessments and prevented much humanitarian activity, particularly in Sa'ada and Al Jawf Governorates.
Despite these constraints, agencies have found ways to meet the needs of IDPs in and outside camps. The overall humanitarian response has been organised through the HCT, which is comprised of United Nations agencies, international organisations, and NGOs. Partners have delivered relief items to displaced populations in the four affected governorates, whenever the security conditions
have allowed. In areas where access is possible, needs assessments, protection interventions and the distribution of food and non-food items are ongoing. In other areas the humanitarian community has extended its reach through sustained advocacy and strategic partnerships. Local and international NGOs are assisting with the distribution of UN goods where the UN cannot operate, while key partners such as ICRC, YRCS and MSF are providing assistance in some areas where the UN has been blocked.
These successes aside, humanitarian organizations remain concerned about access to populations in need, protection of civilians and the security of humanitarian staff, especially in Sa'ada Governorate.
Commitment from all parties is needed to facilitate immediate, safe and unimpeded access for humanitarian agencies to the affected areas for urgent needs assessments and provision of humanitarian assistance to those in need.
The requirements for this revised appeal amount to $22,668,500 and will cover projects planned until the end of December 2009, beyond which humanitarian activities will be incorporated into the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan for 2010.
(1) All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the current appeals page.
(2) This figure is subject to change as the crisis and consequent displacement continues. In order to have the most accurate figures possible, this estimate will need to be confirmed; however this may continue to pose problems due to access restrictions and security constraints. However, agencies will continue to use 150,000 as the interim planning figure for 2009, as this is the number likely to be reached for assistance until the end of the year. See Section 2.2 for more details.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Summary of Requirements (grouped by coordination group)
Table II. Summary of Requirements (grouped by appealing organization)
2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES
2.1 CONTEXT AND RESPONSE TO DATE
2.2 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
3. RESPONSE PLANS
3.1 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
3.2 CLUSTER RESPONSE PLANS
3.2.1 Food Aid
3.2.5 Shelter, NFI and Camp Management and Camp Coordination
3.2.6 Protection and Education
3.2.8 Coordination and Support Services
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
ANNEX I. LIST OF PROJECTS
Table III. List of projects (grouped by coordination group), with funding status of each
Table IV. Summary of Requirements (grouped by IASC standard sector)
ANNEX II. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net
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