This climate change profile is designed to help integrate climate actions into development activities. It complements the publication ‘Climate-smart = Future-Proof! – Guidelines for Integrating climate-smart actions into development policies and activities’ and provides answers to some of the questions that are raised in the step-by-step approach in these guidelines.
The current and expected effects of climate change differ locally, nationally and regionally. The impacts of climate change effects on livelihoods, food and water security, ecosystems, infrastructure etc. differ per country and region as well as community and individual, with gender a particularly important vulnerability factor. This profile aims to give insight in the climate change effects and impacts in Yemen, with particular attention for food security and water.
It also sheds light on the policies, priorities and commitments of the government in responding to climate change and important climate-relevant activities that are being implemented, including activities being internationally financed.
Yemen faces serious risks from climate change that further threaten the already fragile state of the country1. As climate change and rapid population growth put more and more pressure on critical resources, especially water, the Yemen shows what may happen in the region as a whole2. Yemen is a predominantly arid country on the Arabian Peninsula with a history of food aid dependence. It experiences extreme water scarcity due to overexploitation of groundwater that leads to salt water intrusion in coastal areas. Climate change is expected to increase temperatures, variability of rainfall and heavy precipitation events. The increase in heavy rains in combination with rising temperatures, especially in the north, will probably lead to shortened growing seasons.
Shorter growing seasons threaten food security, and competition for dwindling natural resources could further fuel conflict. On-going conflict, a lack of adequate natural resources management, weak governance as well as other factors seriously hinder Yemen’s ability to address the current and future impact of climate change.