Civilian Impact Monitoring Report - April 2018
There was little change in the overall conflict during February and March.Fighting characterised by airstrikes and shelling continued on the major frontlines in Hajja,Al-Jawf,Nihm,Marib,Taiz,Al-Bayda and Lahj, including regular reports of civilian casualties, both on and away from frontline areas. Meanwhile, missiles continued to be launched across the border into Saudi Arabia, including the capital Riyadh,which prompted retaliatory airstrikes on locations in Yemen,including civilian areas.
However, in the five target governorates there was an overall slowdown in hostilities, especially in Sana’a governorate and Marib.As a result, the civilian impact from conflict events in the five governorates fell in February and March compared to the prior two months.
CIMP recorded 252 incidents with civilian impact compared to 322 in the previous reporting period, a 21% decrease in incidents.
Sa’ada again saw the most incidents, 141, more than twice as many as the next highest, Al-Hudaydah, where 65 incidents were recorded.
As a result of this decrease in incidents,the reporting period saw a corresponding fall in the number of civilian casualties, which reduced from 818 to 439, a 46% decrease.
In particular, the deadliness of the incidents decreased, with the number of civilian fatalities declining from 507 to 202 (-61%), almost three times the fall in incidents.
However, although the number of civilian casualties fell,the number of child and female casualties increased.The percentage of civilian casualties that were children or women more than doubled from 16% to 36%.
As with the previous reporting period, the vast majority of incidents were the result of airstrikes, which caused 160 incidents (63% of the total), a slight decrease from the two-third of incidents caused by airstrikes last month.This was followed by shelling, 71 incidents (28%); UXO, 8 incidents (3%); SAF, 7 incidents (3%); landmines, 3 incidents (1%); armed clashes, 2 incidents (1%); and IEDs,1 incident (1%).
As with the previous reporting period, airstrikes were the deadliest type of armed violence, accounting for 75% of the total civilian casualties.This,though,is a decrease from the previous period,when airstrikes caused 90% of the civilian casualties.
Of the 252 incidents in the reporting period, 202 were assessed to have generated psychosocial trauma (80%, a slight drop from the 85% of incidents in December and January). Vulnerability was also recorded in 193 incidents, 77% of the total number of incidents, a 3% increase from the previous period.
The 252 recorded incidents of civilian impact from armed violence generated damage to 682 civilian structures. The largest change in the impact on civilian structures was on farms,which almost doubled from the previous two months,rising from 56 to 111, a 98% increase.All of the other categories of civilian structures saw a decrease compared to the previous period.
The direct civilian impact caused by the armed violence decreased compared to the previous 2-month reporting period. Loss of livelihood was the greatest direct civilian impact, affecting 510 households (a 29% decrease).The largest decrease was in terms of displacement, which fell from 1,268 to 465 (-63%). This was primarily the result of a slowdown in armed clashes in both southern Al-Hudaydah and the capital.
The number of incidents with an indirect civilian impact also fell; however,the assessed protection implication of these incidents was unchanged due to the large number of households that may potentially have been affected by damage to critical infrastructure and other key facilities.More than 1 million households were again assessed to have potentially experienced some form of restricted access to infrastructure across the five governorates