The Al-Hudaydah Agreement was signed in Stockholm on 13 December 2018. Shortly after, on 18 December, a ceasefire in Al-Hudaydah entered into force.
One of the instant achievements of the agreement was a halt to an offensive that threatened to engulf the critical port city of Al-Hudaydah, fixing the warring sides to their respective positions, while also leading to a significant reduction in airstrikes across the governorate. However, Al-Hudaydah did not see an absolute ceasefire.
Along all main frontlines, on the outskirts of the city and in southern districts, hostilities continued between the opposing forces, as other elements of the AlHudaydah Agreement stalled into a political stalemate. Although the frontlines remained static over the past year, the number of civilian impact incidents actually increased, and while the total number of civilian casualties was reduced, casualty rates in the governorate were still the highest in the country. The post-agreement period has also seen a shift in the nature of the impact of armed violence on civilians, with an uptick in direct fire on residential areas, resulting in more incidents directly impacting on civilian households than before the ceasefire.