Infectious diseases like COVID-19 can disrupt the environments in which children grow and develop. Yemen is a country already touched by different possible risk for children, COVID-19 can represent an additional risk.
Disruptions to families, friendships, daily routines and the wider community can have negative consequences for children’s wellbeing, development and protection. All this in Yemen can aggravated by ongoing conflict, displacement. In addition, measures used to prevent and control the spread of COVID-19 ( social distances, quarantine and isolation) can expose children to protection risks. Home-based, facility-based and zonal-based quarantine and isolation measures can all negatively impact children and their families.
This document aims to support also non-child protection actors to conduct their work using child protection length into while planning their response.
Why it is important to pay strong attention to children in COVID-19 situation?
COVID-19 can quickly change the context in which children live. Quarantine measures such as school closures and restrictions on movements disrupt children's routine and social support while also placing new stressors on parents and caregivers who may have to find new childcare options or forgo work. Stigma and discrimination related to COVID-19 may make children more vulnerable to violence and psychosocial distress, especially among those groups which are already very vulnerable such migrants and Muhamasheen. Disease control measures that do not consider the gender-specific needs and vulnerabilities of women and girls may also increase their protection risks and lead to negative coping mechanisms. Children and families who are already vulnerable due to socio-economic exclusion or those who live in overcrowded settings are particularly at risk.
In working with government, CP actors should advocate to ensure measures implemented to address COVID-19 accord with international standards, in line with the WHO advisory, and are human rights-based, non-discriminatory and proportionate.