4 facts on Yemen after 9 months of war
26m total population of Yemen
19.3m people require help to meet water and sanitation needs
14.4m food insecure people
14.1m people need assistance to access health care services
2.5m people internally displaced
83 UN entities and NGOs in country, assisting people in need
Over 8m people have received some form of humanitarian assistance in 2015
4 facts on Yemen after a disastrous year 2015:
Basic services across the country are on the verge of collapse. Nearly 600 health facilities have stopped functioning due to damage or lack of fuel, staff and supplies. Many public water and sewage corporations closed down, notably due to lack of fuel. Over 6m people in cities have had their water supply cut or disrupted. An additional 1.8m children have been out of school since March. In the north, relevant authorities are unable to pay salaries to doctors, nurses and teachers.
2.5 m people have been forced to flee their homes to seek safety and security. Most of the displaced families have sought shelter with relatives and friends, in schools, public or abandoned buildings, makeshift shelters or in the open. Many lack adequate protection from the elements.
Their most pressing needs are food, essential household items, water and sanitation services, improved shelter and protection.
Protection of Civilians:
All parties to the conflict show disregard for human life and the protection of civilians, indiscriminately targeting civilians and civilian infrastructure.
More than 2,700 civilians have been confirmed killed, including at least 637 children. An average of 44 human rights violations occur every day and reports of gender-based violence have increased by 70%. Parties to the conflict restrict humanitarian access to communities in need in much of the country and prevent people from accessing services and assistance.
The already fragile economy has ground to a near standstill, due to months of import restrictions, damage to roads and markets, and an overall economic decline. Hundreds of thousands of people have lost their jobs and families have used up their savings. This has exaceberated their vulnerability. The staple food, wheat, costs 57% more on average than pre-crisis and the price of cooking gas and other fuels has more than tripled.