WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 9: 24 February - 2 March 2018 (Data as reported by 17:00; 2 March 2018)

Report
from World Health Organization
Published on 02 Mar 2018 View Original

Overview

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Cholera in Tanzania
  • Lassa fever in Nigeria
  • Cholera in Uganda
  • Rift Valley fever in South Sudan
  • Cholera in Malawi

For each of these events, a brief description followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

A table is provided at the end of the bulletin with information on all new and ongoing public health events currently being monitored in the region, as well as events that have recently been closed.

Major challenges include:

  • The recent upsurge in cases of cholera in Tanzania is of concern, particularly given the high case fatality rate. There is a need to improve rapid detection and case management. There is also a need to rapidly scale up water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to address the underlying risk factors contributing to the propagation of disease.

  • The number of cases of Lassa fever continues to increase in Nigeria, and support is needed from national and international partners to rapidly scale up laboratory capacity, infection prevention and control in health facilities, and case management capacity to control the outbreak.