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WFP Fact sheet: Hunger & conflict - October 2018

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Of the more than 800 million hungry (i.e. chronically food insecure) people in the world, about 490 million live in countries affected by conflict. That’s 60 percent of the world’s hungry people.

Six out of 10 people facing acute food insecurity are in countries plagued by conflict or insecurity (in other words, more than half of the 124 million acutely hungry people living in 51 countries are in parts of the world where there is fighting or violence).

Three-quarters of stunted children - some 122 out of 155 million children - live in countries affected by conflict.

Ten out of 13 of the world’s main food crises are driven by conflict - and, as a consequence, nearly all of WFP’s biggest emergency operations are in conflict zones.

A recent **11 percent global increase in the number of people experiencing acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above*) can largely be attributed to conflict and insecurity in countries such as Democratic Republic of Congo, Myanmar, Nigeria (north-east), South Sudan and Yemen.**

Yemen is set to continue being the world’s **largest food crisis. The situation in the war-torn country is expected to deteriorate because of economic collapse, outbreaks of disease, and restricted humanitarian and commercial transport access due to lack of security.**

In conflict-affected countries, where agriculture and trade are disrupted, a simple plate of food can cost more than a day’s wages. In South Sudan, for example, it could be the equivalent of a New Yorker having to pay US$348 for a modest lunch such as a plate of bean stew.

More than 80 percent of resources requested by UN humanitarian appeals in recent years have been for humanitarian action in conflict situations.

Around 60 percent of all conflicts recur. WFP works with governments to strengthen systems of stability, and supports people as they reconstruct their communities. This is the humanitarian-development-peace nexus.

WFP has found that countries with the highest level of food insecurity, coupled with armed conflict, have the highest outward migration of refugees. Additionally, when coupled with poverty, food insecurity increases the likelihood and intensity of armed conflicts, something that has clear implications for refugee outflows.

By promoting peace and ending violent conflict, the world could save billions of dollars in humanitarian food assistance costs every year.