WFP Emergency Report No. 32 of 2003

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 08 Aug 2003


This report includes:
A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Occupied Palestinian Territory, (3) Pakistan, and (4) Afghanistan

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) Democratic Republic of Congo, (3) Djibouti, (4) Eritrea, (5) Ethiopia, (6) Kenya, (7) Rwanda, (8) Sudan, (9) Uganda, (10) Tanzania, (11) Republic of Congo

C) West Africa: (1) Guinea Bissau, (2) Liberia, (3) Central African Republic, (4) Côte d'Ivoire

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Swaziland, (9) Tanzania, (10) Zambia, (11) Zimbabwe

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Guatemala, (3) Nicaragua

From David Morton, Director of the Transport, Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Carlo.Scaramella@wfp.org, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Occupied Palestinian Territory, (3) Pakistan, (4) Afghanistan

1) Iraq

(a) Countrywide, security remains a serious concern. Attacks on Coalition Forces continue randomly, using a variety of techniques to cause harm and destruction to personnel and assets. During the past week, WFP's implementing partner, the Swiss Federation for Demining (FSD) cleared a considerable amount of unexploded ordnance (24 cluster bombs), in the roof of a Cold Storage warehouse in Hilla.

(b) The distribution cycle for the month of August has started in all the Governorates. The new food basket ration includes an increased ration of vegetable oil, powdered milk and salt. Monitoring activities for the August distribution have also commenced.

(c) The distribution to the initial figure of 17,512 Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Diyala governorate, displaced due to ethnic tensions in the north-eastern part of the district, is proceeding smoothly. Additionally, WFP's implementing partner Première Urgence (PU) has also reported a caseload of 7,000 IDPs in Baghdad. In order to ensure that these IDPs are receiving Public Distribution System (PDS) rations, while registration is occurring, WFP and PU will adopt the same procedure that was used in Diyala, and a one-month distribution is planned to take place in August.

(d) The Country Office is working on a responsible and sustainable handover of the PDS to local authorities. In this context, a Regional Task Force has been set up in the North, gathering local authorities officials from the three governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah, a representative from the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) and one representative from WFP. During the past week, the Regional Task Force met with the governorate Task Forces to discuss the issue and streamline the process.

(e) The expected school feeding mission with members from WFP Rome (Chief School Feeding Service and a Senior Nutritionist), UNICEF, UNESCO and an expert from the Chilean Ministry of Education -where a strong school feeding programme is running- arrived in Baghdad on 4 August. This mission will assess the special needs of primary school children and whether school- feeding could play a role in the overall efforts needed to improve this situation. The mission will not follow a "traditional" WFP approach, but will examine several broader issues; such as local capacity to implement school feeding and the production of foods like high-energy biscuits and blended foods. The mission had meetings with senior officials of the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health.

(f) WFP's logistics operation has again reached outstanding levels. For the month of July, a total of 434,562 metric tons (Mt) were dispatched. As at Monday 4 August, the dispatch of commodities into Iraq reached 26,782 Mt for August. Overall dispatches since the beginning of the operation in April total 1,703,254 Mt.

2) Occupied Palestinian Territory (oPt)

(a) The cease-fire initiated in June between the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) and the Palestinian resistance groups (Hamas, Islamic Jehad and Fatah) remained in effect through out the month of July. The security situation improved with a significant drop in incitements with sparse military operations by the IDF in the oPt.

(b) UN staff movements around and between the West Bank and Gaza Strip were eased during the month of July. WFP national staff from Jerusalem was given permission to enter Gaza, and likewise, Gaza national staff was able to attend a workshop in the West Bank. Although, movement and closure restrictions imposed on the Palestinian people and commercial goods have increased particularly in the West Bank.

(c) The project to purchase olive oil from poor farmers in the West Bank continued in its final phase of implementation. The 272Mt. of oil was tested and purchased. After intense negotiation by WFP, the IDF allowed the oil to enter Gaza for distribution to beneficiaries. Payment to the farmers participating in the project is ongoing.

(d) The new EMOP 10289 was approved and became effective on July 1. The new programme covers a caseload of 530,000 beneficiaries for a 12-month period with an amount of 70,842MT of food commodities. Targeted beneficiaries are those affected by the present intifada that have recently become food insecure due to the loss of their livelihood. The new operations also tend to the chronic poor, populations affected by the Separation Wall, malnourished children and institutions.

(e) During the month of July a total quantity of 4,307 Mt. of mixed food commodities were distributed to some 272,000 beneficiaries in the oPt. A quantity of 2,010 Mt. of food commodities arrived in the oPt through the port of Ashdod.

(f) A delegation from AUS AID and the Australian Embassy in Israel visited on 3 July WFP's programmes of FFW and institutional feeding implemented in District of Hebron in the south of the West Bank.

3) Afghanistan

(a) The situation in the northeastern, western and central Provinces remained relatively quiet and no incidents involving UN staff or property were reported. UN security mission investigated the factional fighting in Jawzjan province in the north.

(b) In Kandahar province in the south, a NGO convoy was stopped by gunmen and one of the vehicles was burned and the other one stolen. In another incident, one government official was killed and one injured. Threats against the UN and NGO operations were made during the incidents. UN Security has recommended a very low profile for all UN agencies and NGOs. Missions to Uruzgan province remain suspended until further notice. Missions to other provinces are cleared on case-to-case basis. In the east, some areas in Nangarhar and Kunar provinces remain high risk. UN staff was reminded to proceed on missions with caution.

(c) During the reporting period, 312, 729 beneficiaries received 3,301 Mt. of food. In addition, Kabul areas distributed 1, 695 Mt. of food to 29,487 beneficiaries, who participated in Food for Asset Creation projects.

(d) Meetings with implementing partners were held in Kabul to discuss possibilities to increase the implementation of women focused projects. It was decided to start a training programme on project management and development for women run NGOs and female staff of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and the Ministry of Women Affairs.

(e) In a meeting between the Mayor of Kandahar City, WFP and the implementing partner BHAD, it was decided to hand over the implementation of the bakery projects to the female bakery staff. 6,200 urban vulnerable women headed households receive bread daily baked by 14 bakeries in Kandahar. Moreover, WFP trained 12 staff members from the Department of Education in the implementation of school feeding and food for teacher's projects.

4) Pakistan

(a) As a result of heavy and early monsoon rain in the southern and southwestern parts of the country, Pakistan has been reeling under the effects of floods in July 2003. The second most intense round started on 22nd July 2003. More rains are predicted during the first half of August and the trend is likely to continue till September 2003.

(b) The affected people in rural areas, particularly in the coastal belt, have lost almost everything. Besides houses/helmets, all standing crops over 343,188 acres are lost, of which 250,000 acres in Badin only. Most livestock is either missing or died. Due to drowning and collapsed houses, there have been some 215 deaths so far. Over 90% of Badin District is under water (3-5 feet), and almost 50% of Thatta district has the similar situation. An estimated 100,000 people are stranded in their inundated homes. The Army is trying to rescue them with a small number of helicopters and boats. Local Civil Administration has set up camps in the schools, government buildings and Basic Health Units.

(c) An estimated 869,335 people are affected in Sindh province and 141,060 houses are collapsed/badly damaged and infrastructure is severely damaged. The Government is planning a comprehensive survey. Due to a severely damaged Infrastructure (roads are washed away/under water, telephone/electricity pools are uprooted) the exact numbers of affected people are to be determined at a later stage. The government has set up camps in the following locations: 79 in Badin, (170, 000 people), 87 in Thatta (45,000 people), 19 in Tharparkar (25,000 people), as well as in other smaller towns.

(d) As an immediate response the WFP Country Office has approved an emergency operation with the purpose to assist 240,000 flood affected with a food distribution of 10kg wheat flour and 2.5kg of vegetable oil for each affected family during a period of two weeks. The expected total food aid is 400 Mt. wheat flour and 100 Mt. edible oil. WFP will allocate 200, 000 US dollars to this operation.

(e) Within the implementation of EMOP 10228- Assistance to Afghan Refugees, field operations resumed after the firing incident on a WHO vehicle near Peshawar. The local police has investigated the incident and arrested two of the three attackers. It is not thought that the accused were Islamic militant. Full protection to UN agencies and aid workers will be assured.

(f) In Kurram province, WFP food convoy with 228 Mt. of food for 14,000 beneficiaries was cleared to resume deliveries to the camps of Bagzai and Asghar. However, the security situation in Upper Kurram being uncertain, food deliveries were not permitted to Bassu camp (5,500 beneficiaries), located near Parachinar, where curfew was imposed. Food distribution for the month of July was completed in Shamshatu camp for 27,100 refugees. A total of 488 Mt. of mixed food was distributed.

(g) Under the Drought EMOP 10171.0, Food distribution for drought affected families, was completed in district Chagi to 16,884 individuals, consisting of 56 Mt. of pulses and 41 Mt. of oil.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2), Democratic Republic of Congo, (3) Djibouti, (4) Eritrea, (5) Ethiopia, (6) Kenya, (7) Rwanda, (8) Sudan, (9) Uganda, (10) Tanzania, (11) Republic of Congo

1) Burundi

(a) Insecurity, highway robberies and armed attacks on households continued in different provinces. Rebels attacked Ndava commune in Cibitoke province and acts of robbery were reported in Kayanza, Bururi and Makamba provinces. Ambushes targeting civilian passenger cars were perpetrated in Bururi and Kayanza provinces.

(b) During the reporting period close to 1,890 tons of food commodities were distributed to approximately 184,000 beneficiaries under the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 10062.1- Food Aid for Relief and recovery in the Great Lakes Region.

(c) UN agencies in Burundi have appealed to warring parties to observe a one-week cessation of hostilities to enable a nation wide mother/child health campaign to take place in collaboration between the Ministry of Health and UNICEF.

(d) On 4 August, an assessment was conducted in Rugazi, Kabarore commune (Kayanza province) following reports of increased food needs. Some vulnerable populations had been cut off from food assistance since April 2003 due to insecurity in the area. These people were supposed to receive a 20-day ration until the next harvest in November/December 2003. WFP is planning food distributions for 3,050 households on 8 August.

(e) During the same reporting period, the Household Food Economy Assessment teams conducted two rapid evaluations in Bugenyuzi and Ngozi communes in Karusi and Ngozi provinces respectively. The teams reported that 20,474 households (approximately 102,370 persons) are in need of food assistance. Some households were victims of a strong hailstorm that damaged the crops, while others faced food shortages as they hosted displaced persons arriving from Muhanga (Kayanza) and Ruhororo (Ngozi).

2) D.R. Congo

(a) On 1 August, the first commercial flight from Kinshasa landed at Kalemie since the war broke out in August 1998. This was considered as a breakthrough towards the reunification of the country. In the Equateur province, which has been split into two because of the frontline for almost 5 years, timid commercial traffic was reported on the Congo River as well as flights from Mbandaka to Gemena or Bumba. However, the overall security situation remained fragile throughout the country with many breaches of human rights in the Ituri district resulting from the persisting clashes between various warring factions.

(b) During the reporting period over 1,500 tons of food commodities were distributed to some 521,000 beneficiaries under the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 06274.00 - Food Assistance to War Affected Victims.

(c) Due to shortages of Corn Soya Blend (CSB) in Kalemie, WFP supplied the therapeutic centers only. The airlift operation, which commenced on 28 July to Kongolo, delivered a total of 56 tons during the week. During the reporting period, 75 tons of food was distributed to some 13,000 beneficiaries. The latter were malnourished children and their families. In South Kivu province, WFP distributed 225 tons to 19,500 beneficiaries. More than half of the food commodities released were allocated to IDPs (over 13,000 people) and 41 tons of the food were delivered to gender activities related to the reintegration of women/girls victims of sexual abuses by men in uniforms. In Kitutu, the NGO ACTED, who is in partnership with WFP for the nutritional rehabilitation of malnourished children recently started, began activities. Through airlift operations, WFP's implementing partners in Bunia (German Agro Action, Coopi and MSF-Switzerland) distributed food rations to cover the needs of 30,000 recently displaced families. In North Kivu, 624 tons of food was distributed to some 338,000 beneficiaries comprising of malnourished children and their family, abused women, children in difficult situations and IDPs.

(d) Overall, the low level of food availability versus the high food needs of the increasing number of eligible beneficiaries necessitated the reduction of rations. The EMOP 10280.0 - "Assistance to Displaced Persons, Returnees and Vulnerable Groups in Northern and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo" was approved and began implementation since June 2003, with the specific aim to address the increasing food needs in the eastern part of the country, remained seriously under funded.

3) Djibouti

(a) During the reporting period 383 tons of food commodities were distributed to a total of 21,060 beneficiaries under the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 10134 - Assistance to Refugees in Djibouti.

(b) The Government of Djibouti and UNHCR has confirmed the setting-up of a camp in Ali Sabieh District to regroup all asylum seekers in Djibouti. The number of registered asylum seekers is approximately 13,000. The camp is expected to be operational by the end of August. UNHCR estimates that it will take a minimum of nine months to process the caseload.

(c) WFP will be required to provide food to the asylum seekers, both in the new camp and in the refugee camps. A break in the pipeline is expected in August/September for wheat flour and corn soya blend (CSB). Stocks of lentils, sugar and salt are sufficient to last until end of the year.

4) Eritrea

(a) Climatic indicators derived from the "Azmera" and early "Kremti" rains have been determined as poor. Most parts of Debub and Maekel regions received below normal rainfall, causing great concern for these areas are among the main cereal producing regions and were seriously affected by the drought during 2002. In Gash Barka and some parts of Anseba region, land preparation has started with the commencement of the rains. The lack of seeds, tools and the limited labour force will probably affect the cereal crop production however, for those with access to agricultural inputs, success of a bumper harvest will depend on the continuation of the current rains until mid September.

(b) The various market surveys carried out across the country indicate that cereal prices remain high. In Debub, the prices of sheep and goat has decreased by 15% and oxen increased to between 15% to 20%, mostly due to the on-going land preparation activities that require the use of draught animals.

(c) During the week, WFP received 3,273 tons vegetable oil and 1,004 tons of pulses. With additional commodities expected and the current stocks, the needs for the EMOP should be covered up to December 2003 at a reduced caseload of 600,000 beneficiaries (67% of the initially planned caseload of 900,000). The Country Office emphasizes the urgent funding needs to cover the remaining identified 300,000 people who have not yet been assisted due to the insufficient food supplies.

5) Ethiopia

(a) On 30 July, WFP warned that food aid for 130,000 refugees in Ethiopia would run out by October unless further donor contributions are received in time. The refugees, mostly from southern Sudan and Somalia, live in camps in eastern and western Ethiopia. WFP urgently requires 11,000 tons cereals, 400 tons pulses, 300 tons oil and 60 tons CSB, at total cost of US$5.3 million, to continue feeding the refugees up to March 2004. They are normally supplied with cereals, blended food, pulses, sugar, salt and cooking oil. The imminent shortfall could also halt the voluntary repatriation of thousands of Somali refugees in the next few months if returnee food packages are not available. In 2002, over 29,000 Somalis went home, allowing two more Somali refugee camps to be closed; currently three camps for Somali refugees remain. To date, WFP has received donations totalling US$12.6 million for its refugee operation, 31 percent against the appeal.

(b) A Budget Revision has been approved for Ethiopia emergency operation (EMOP 10197.0), Relief Assistance to Ethiopian Internally Displaced by the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Conflict, extending the operation for six months from 1 July to 31 December 2003. The reason for the extension of this EMOP is the delay in the process of return of IDPs to their original location and the demarcation of Ethiopian and Eritrean border. The latter is currently scheduled to start in October 2003. The EMOP six-month extension in time with additional resources will cover the food needs of 76,500 IDPs. In view of the uncertainty related to possible population movement connected to the demarcation process, the budget revision includes a contingency stock for an additional 29,500 IDPs for a five-month period. The EMOP cost is US$ 3.4 million. The gross food aid needs for this operation from July to December are 9,580 tonnes. However, taking into consideration the carryover stocks, the net additional requirement is 7,593 tonnes.

(c) The Government has recently embarked on a "Coalition for food security in Ethiopia" to put in place by October 2003 a programme of urgent, well targeted, scaled up integrated activities that is aimed at achieving a major turn-around of food insecurity situation within a three-five year timeframe. Ethiopia requires urgent changes in the programming of resources, mainly emergency, to expand activities that provide recovery opportunities to the increasing number of needy people in the country, as well as addressing the structural causes of chronic food insecurity. This Government's initiative has been fully endorsed by the international donor community.

(d) WFP was asked to participate in the first set of planning meetings, along with EU, USA, the UN Resident Coordinator, and World Bank as well as to participate in the technical working group to diagnose the food security situation. The working group, which includes government, UN, donors and NGOs, is taking stock of the array of interventions currently on-going, highlighting synergies, successes, gaps and scaling-up opportunities within the on-going food security programmes of six regions to achieve the target of over 5 million chronic food insecure people in these regions. A package of priority interventions (including for example voluntary resettlement, integrated watershed rehabilitation including water harvesting, capacity building, the commercialisation of small-scale agriculture and income generation activities), the institutional arrangements, timeframe and costs will be proposed, as well as a monitoring and evaluation framework. This programme will be presented to the international donor community for resource consideration towards the end of October.

(e) The Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission (DPPC) is expected to release a report on the recent short season (belg) assessment next week. Increased food aid needs resulting from this assessment will also be incorporated into a joint Government of Ethiopia/United Nations update of the 2003 Appeal, to be released in a few weeks time, which will be emphasizing non-food requirements needed to combat the current crisis and lead into the recovery stage. Health and nutrition inputs are especially crucial at this time.

6) Kenya

(a) The security situation in and around Kakuma and Dadaab refugee camps has been calm in the past few weeks. This follows a period of unrest in the Kakuma camp during which 13 refugees were killed in clashes with the local community and thousands fled their homes seeking shelter from the fighting. Intervention by the Government of Kenya security forces in the areas affected and the UN mediated talks between representatives of both communities served to quell the initial tide of violence and all refugees have since returned to their homes.

(b) In Kakuma, WFP and UNHCR held a meeting to discuss Issues relating to streamlining of income generating activities.

(c) During the last general distribution 1,808 tons of food commodities were distributed to a total of 217,785 beneficiaries under the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 06226 - Food Assistance to Somali and Sudanese Refugees in Kenya.

(d) As a result of the donor community's generous and timely response to numerous appeals made by WFP for urgently required food aid to the refugees, a crisis in the camps has been averted. Contributions were received that have allowed WFP to restore the levels of food aid distributed to the refugees to 100% from 74% in March this year.

7) Rwanda

(a) The food security situation in Bugesera, in Kigali Ngali province and localised areas in Kibungo and Umutara continues to deteriorate due to the second successive poor harvest in these areas. High levels of chronic malnutrition among children under five years of age characterise the nutritional situation. At nutrition centers, admissions of malnourished mothers and infants are rapidly rising to levels close to that of 2000, when a severe drought hit these regions.

(b) WFP is working closely with the Government to prioritise people in need of targeted relief distributions and food for work interventions under a looming pipeline break at the end of August. New donations are urgently required to ensure that WFP is able to respond to immediate requirements.

8) Sudan

(a) An interagency Flash Appeal will be issued on 9 August 2003 urging donors to cater for the needs of the population affected by recent floods in Kassala City and other areas. The WFP-led needs assessment and beneficiary registration in Kassala is to be completed by the first week of August. WFP Food assistance will be provided only to the most vulnerable people. The first targeted WFP food distribution is planned to commence on 07 August.

(b) A Budget Revision to EMOP 10048.2 is under preparation and will accommodate additional food requirements for the victims of the flood emergency. The additional new requirement comes at a time when WFP urged donors for new contributions to prevent a major break in the cereal pipeline estimated for September. The general food rations have been cut by 50% since August 01.

(c) The start of the second phase of Sobat corridor barge operation is planned for 10 August 2003. A total of 1,176 tons of mixed food commodities is to be distributed to 76,402 beneficiaries in 33 locations.

9) Uganda

(a) Lords Resistance Army (LRA) intensified rebel activity in eastern Uganda, which has left over 60,000 civilians displaced in the four districts of Soroti, Katakwi, Kumi and Kaberamaido. In one incident, LRA attacked and burnt an IDP camp in Katakwi district.

(b) As a result of the LRA rebel activities in northern Uganda, thousands of people have been displaced in Lira town. Following a mission to assess the humanitarian situation among the population displaced in Lira municipality, the Country Office recommended the registration and verification necessary to establish the number of affected people prior to the provision of food aid.

(c) Last week, over 115 children formerly abducted by the LRA were received at rehabilitation centers in Lira and Kitgum districts. The children were abducted from Kitgum, Pader, Lira, Apac, Katakwi and Soroti districts. Uganda People's Defence Force's (UPDF) rescued the children in separate incidents.

(d) The UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa, Mr. Stephen Lewis and Ms. Graca Machel, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, visited Uganda between 28 July and 02 August 2003. Mr. Lewis and Ms. Machel visited the Reach Out HIV/AIDS project supported by WFP. Mr. Lewis praised WFP's efforts to fight the epidemic using food aid. He further stated that of the US$ 122 million the Government of Uganda is seeking from the Global Fund for AIDS, a large portion will go towards providing Anti-Retroviral drugs (ARVs) to affected people and to fund projects targeted at HIV/AIDS orphans, estimated at 6 percent of the country's 24.6 million people.

(e) WFP continues to provide food assistance to the displaced population in northern Uganda. During the past week, 132,060 people in Gulu and Kitgum districts received over 1,500 tons of relief food assistance under PRRO 10121.0. The beneficiaries include primary school children in three IDP camps in Gulu district. In addition, WFP is providing food assistance to newly opened Supplementary and Therapeutic Feeding Centers in five IDP camps and two hospitals in Gulu District. WFP's intervention aims to provide 5 tons of fortified food to 948 malnourished children each month.

(f) The WFP Country Office launched an Emergency Appeal for 100,000 tons of food commodities to feed IDPs, refugees and drought affected people facing widespread hunger, severe malnutrition and other vulnerable groups from August 2003 through March 2004. The CO will face a critical pipeline break in September 2003.

10) Tanzania: Please refer to the section on Southern Africa.

11) Republic of Congo

(a) A joint mission to assess the humanitarian situation in the Pool region (of 28 to the 31 July 2003) with focus on the axis of Mayama and Louomo (North-west) of the region, whereas the previous focused on the axis of Kinkala, Mindouli Kibouende, Madzia and Goma Tse-Tse (southern and central part of the region) found that immediate needs are in terms of shelter and health. However, although food is not presently a major concern, food assistance is needed. In fact, the crops campaign that is usually made in October, November and December was not launched in late 2002 due to insecurity. A food shortage is therefore foreseen in the forthcoming months. Alerts were sent through interviews to the media including RFI, BBC and Voice of America.

(b) The authorization for free access within the Pool region that was delivered to the humanitarian organizations has been extended until 04th September 2003. WFP is getting prepared to launch substantial food distributions with its partners in the region.

(c) During the reporting period, a total of 425.02 Mt. of food was distributed, out of which 331 in Brazzaville, and 94.22 in Pointe-Noire. No distributions have been made from the Nkayi EDP due to secondary transport constraints.

(d) A total of 95.51 Mt. of food has been delivered in Brazzaville to 2,984 IDPs households from the Pool region. WFP organized another targeted beneficiaries control by night. Only 3,654 households were registered as still living in the camps, against 4,643 reported. The 989 missing households were considered as having returned to their originating localities.

(e) Food distributions to people living with HIV/AIDS have been made to 1,803 recipients (157.87 Mt. of food). A review meeting was held with all implementing partners involved in the HIV/AIDS programme.

(f) The food for work activities has constituted almost 20% of food deliveries. In collaboration with FEFCO, a local NGO, 923 vulnerable young women and men involved in small income generating activities were delivered 82.3 Mt. of food.

C) West Africa: (1) Guinea Bissau, (2) Liberia, (3) Central African Republic, (4) Côte d'Ivoire

1) Guinea-Bissau

(a) Pest infestations were reported in the eastern regions of Gabu and Bafatá and Northern region of Oio. It is expected that the infestations will lead to a decrease in total production, causing food insecurity in the affected regions. An International Appeal was launched on Thursday 30 July. WFP responded immediately by conducting a mission to evaluate the needs.

(b) During the reporting period a total number of 14,437 beneficiaries, received WFP food aid.

(c) The vessel MV Portejo reached the port of Bissau on July 5 with a cargo of 447 Mt. of vegetable oil. Presently WFP positioned 1,427 Mt. of food products in Bafata EDP. However, food delivery activities for school feeding programme were greatly reduced due to teachers' strikes.

2) Liberia

(a) On August 1st, UN Security Council authorized the establishment of a multinational force to support implementation of the July 17 cease-fire agreement; on August 4; Nigerian peacekeeping troops started to arrive at the Monrovia Airport.

(b) Over 500,000 IDPs are currently reported in Liberia, of which 350,000-450,000 are said to be located in Monrovia. There are additional 173,000 Liberian refugees living in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Cote d'Ivoire.

(c) In Monrovia, cholera is prevalent and clean water is scarce and expensive. WFP estimates that at least 450,000 people in Monrovia are facing chronic food shortages. Humanitarian organizations have been trucking water to IDP settlements but the water is in need of chlorination. As for IDP camps up-country, they have been out of reach since June and the humanitarian situation there is expected to be catastrophic.

(d) So far, 3.8 MT of High Energy Biscuits (HEB) was airlifted from Freetown to Monrovia. The HEB gives 38,000 people a one-day ration. Arrangements are being made to airlift an additional 6 Mt. of HEB from Freetown, 2 Mt. from Abidjan, and 7 Mt. from Guinea.

(e) A WFP chartered vessel left Abidjan heading towards Monrovia on August 6 for an initial 12 days. The vessel transported 3 MT of HEB to be distributed. UNICEF, IRC, OCHA, UNHCR, and WHO also sent cargo composed of various items. It was expected to reach Monrovia yesterday around noon.

(f) The Freeport of Monrovia, where WFP warehouses and office are located is still under LURD fighters' control. WFP's assets in the port might have been looted or even destroyed. However, according to a press report, a LURD commander has appealed to the UN to send representatives to discuss the distribution of food stocks remaining.

(g) Regarding the pipeline, needs could become much greater than expected in case a cease fire would prevail; indeed should WFP be able to operate country-wide, the targeted caseload would increase dramatically.

3) Central African Republic (CAR)

(a) Food security is being directly affected by the lack of secure access to agricultural fields in many areas of the country as well as the shortage over the past several months of planting seeds. These will both certainly reduce the upcoming harvest (October). It is estimated that the harvest will be completely consumed by December/January. In addition the population has lost most of their livestock. As the security situation progressively improves, WFP is going to use resources in EMOP 10150 and PRRO 10189 to address the immediate needs of affected groups.

(b) Security in the provinces is improving as military and police authorities are progressively assigned. There are still frequent incidents of road banditry in the provinces. Although the UN system is undertaking missions only with a substantial escort, security is now sufficient in some zones for food distributions to take place without exceptional risk. In the capital there are still frequent incidents.

(c) Under EMOP 10150.0, "Food Assistance to persons affected by armed conflict in Bangui", 1169,66 Mt. of Maize Meal, 40, 275 Mt. of CSB, 62,638 Mt. of Vegetable oil, 275,165 Mt. of Beans and 16,851 Mt. of Salt were distributed to a total number of 31, 525 beneficiaries.

(d) Under PRRO 10189.0 "Food Assistance to the populations affected by armed conflict", 71,925 Mt. Of Maize Meal was distributed to 11 018 beneficiaries. Food deliveries to CAR and distributions had been suspended until problems with security of warehousing facilities of the project could be worked out. The issues have been resolved, and the suspensions were lifted in the last week of July.

4) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) A controversial Bill that gives amnesty to the insurgents, which is part of the Marcoussis peace accord has been passed by Parliament. IDPs in Guiglo have been forced by local authorities to move to an overcrowded temporary transit centre lacking proper facilities. Armed robberies are on the increase in towns held by the New Forces. The international humanitarian community including French Licorne forces have facilitated reconciliation meetings, to no avail. The local community claims they need to perform traditional ceremonies, and that the Third Country Nationals cannot return until December.

(b) Due to a pipeline break, rations and caseloads for August had to be reduced. Priority is given to support refugees and IDPs in camps and emergency school feeding. The west is maintained as priority area for WFP interventions. A total of 3,000 Mt. will be distributed to cover a total caseload of 300,000 people in August, a 30 percent reduction. The EMOP 10244.1 (May - Dec) is currently covered 72% against the appeal.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Swaziland, (9) Tanzania, (10) Zambia, (11) Zimbabwe

1) Regional:

(a) A recent donor contribution has significantly improved the critical pipeline situation from September through December in Zimbabwe. However, the pipeline condition remains precarious for pulses and vegetable oil from September onwards for Mozambique.

2) Angola

(a) Due to security restrictions, WFP has not been able to access a large majority of Kuando Kubango Province. As a result, critical food shortages in areas south of Mavinga continue to lead to new displacements of people to Mavinga in search of food assistance. The new arrivals are being assisted with WFP emergency rations. Kuando Kubango Province is noted for having some of the worst conditions in the country and the areas south of Mavinga have seen over 10,000 displaced by hunger and floods in recent months. The province saw some of the worst fighting during the war and is heavily mined. Due to security restrictions, WFP has not been able to access a large majority of the province.

(b) In Zaire Province, WFP and German Agro Action carried out a Rapid Food Needs Assessment (RFNA) in Buela commune (Cuimba Municipality). Mission findings indicate the population needs food assistance, seeds and tools for the forthcoming agricultural campaign, as well as educational facilities and health services. Cuimba Municipality is the destination for almost 90 percent of the spontaneous and organized refugee influx from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Approximately 680 returning refugees arrived in Kiowa transit centre (M'banza Congo Municipality) from refugee camps in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 30 July to 6 August. Since the beginning of the organized repatriation exercise in June, some 3,190 refugees have returned. WFP is providing food assistance to all returning refugees.

(c) An additional RFNA was carried out in Moxico Province in the newly accessible Cangamba area (Luchazes Municipality). While the nutritional situation is not of heightened concern, health and education services were observed to be problematic. WFP will assist in the establishment of subsistence agriculture through seed protection rations in the coming months.

(d) Caconda, Caluquembe, Cacula and Quilengues Municipalities (Huila Province) are experiencing a rapid influx of vulnerable returnees. WFP registered and assisted over 14,170 new returnees during July. Large numbers of returnees are expected to move from Caconda to more isolated areas in the municipality following security clearance and assurance of further humanitarian assistance.

(e) From 60 June to 7 August, 10,909 refugees have returned under UNHCR's voluntary repatriation exercise. These include 7,598 returnees from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 2,762 returnees from Zambia and 549 returnees from Namibia.

3) Lesotho

(a) From 29 July to 5 August, WFP and implementing partners distributed 307 tons of food to 24,780 beneficiaries in programmes targeting orphans and other vulnerable children, mother-child health centres, chronically ill patients in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and health clinics, and Food for Work activities.

4) Madagascar

(a) The seasonal harvest of sweet potatoes has been completed. Crop yields were very limited and have already been consumed. The population, particularly in the Tsihombe District, continue to eat an invasive cactus species, which has been declared unfit for human and animal consumption. WFP's implementing partner CARE has begun a Food for Work project to provide access to five districts which have remained isolated since the passage of cyclone Kesiny in May 2002.

(b) WFP will begin work on an integrated environmental response for the south with the Libanona ecological centre, the World Wildlife Fund and the National Association for Protected Management. The plan of action will focus on desertification, sand dune fixation, reforestation and cactus invasion, and will be incorporated into Food for Work projects in the drought-affected south.

5) Malawi

(a) From 31 July to 6 August, WFP distributed 389 tons of food in collaboration with implementing partners.

6) Mozambique

(a) The Mozambique pipeline for pulses and vegetable oil is precarious. These commodities will be exhausted in September and urgent resourcing is required. From 29 July to 4 August, WFP and implementing partners distributed 2,514 tons of food.

7) Namibia

(a) With the assistance of the Ministries of Home Affairs and Agriculture, the Agronomic Board has granted an exemption for WFP to import maize from South Africa for the Namibia EMOP. WFP is expediting procurement and delivery of maize for the August distribution and, pending sufficient and timely importation and milling, plans to provide full rations (2,100 kcal) to the refugees in the scheduled mid-August distribution.

(b) A fourth convoy repatriating 215 Angolan refugees from Osire camp departed for Kuando Kubango Province, Angola on 5 August. WFP is providing food on both sides of the border to support the repatriation exercise.

8) Swaziland

(a) WFP is developing a strategy for phasing out of targeted household distributions between September 2003 and March 2004. General distributions will be replaced with an increased range of focused support to school feeding, health clinics, community-based food security projects for orphans and vulnerable children, and HIV/AIDS intervention programmes.

(b) The Swaziland pipeline will face a break in pulse from September onwards and in corn-soya blend from October onwards. It is essential that additional commodities arrive in order to prevent distribution shortfalls.

9) Tanzania

(a) According to recent findings from the June-July Rapid Vulnerability Assessment conducted by the Food Security Information Team (FSIT), around 1.9 million people may require food assistance between November 2003 and March 2004. The gap between food crop production in the 2002/03 year and consumption requirements in 2003/04, minus carryover stocks, is approximately 350,000 tons. The FSIT estimates that approximately 80,000 tons of this will be required in the form of food aid and recommends a government-sponsored release of 35,000 tons from the strategic grain reserve, to be sold at a subsidized rate. The remaining 45,000 tons should be distributed as relief food through WFP. In addition to reducing household cash income levels and opportunities for agricultural employment, the current drought is negatively affecting food security levels.

10) Zambia

(a) To date, 2,762 Angolan refugees, previously settled in Meheba refugee camp, have repatriated to Angola under UNHCR's repatriation exercise. The current operation is limited to refugees returning to Cazombo area in Moxico Province, Angola. Approximately 13,000 refugees in Meheba are returning to Cazombo.

(b) From 29 July to 4 August, WFP distributed 1,277 tons of food in collaboration with implementing partners. A total of 42,834 orphans and other vulnerable children and 20,646 caretaker households are being assisted in WFP's urban intervention programme. The school-feeding programme continues in three districts in the Southern Province. The programme is providing 9,123 children in 30 schools with a nutritious mid-morning snack.

(c) WFP has carried out a rapid assessment following reports of severe food insecurity in Sesheke District (Southern Province). In Kalobolelwa, Sesheke Central and Mwandi, findings indicate that harvests have been poor due to drought and the untimely arrival of agricultural inputs. It is estimated that most households will exhaust their food supplies at the end of August.

11) Zimbabwe

(a) In July, WFP distributed 12,400 tons of food to 1.24 million beneficiaries in 35 districts. The August distribution plan calls for 17,000 tons to be distributed to 1.4 million people nation-wide. The number of beneficiaries in WFP's urban intervention programme for growth-faltering children is increasing dramatically. In Harare alone, two thousand new children entered the programme from 31 July to 5 August. Currently a total of 8,500 children receive a take-home ration of corn-soya blend and vegetable oil through municipal clinics in Bulawayo and Harare.

(b) WFP field reports continue to stress the scarcity and erratic provision of Grain Marketing Board maize throughout the country. In Manicaland Province, people are eating wild fruits that are not usually consumed in normal conditions. Reports from Makoni District indicate hospitals are treating cases of kwashiorkor, marasmus and pellagra.

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

1) DPR Korea

(a) The loan from the DPRK government of 9,700 Mt. cereals is being used to cover distribution needs for a two-week period in the first half of August. This allows distributions to be reinstated to the beneficiaries dropped in July. From the middle of August the first tranche of the 100,000 Mt. RoK maize contribution will be used to cover needs on the West Coast. East Coast distributions of the RoK maize will be delayed until at least the start of September as shipments to Chongjin and Hungnam will only arrive towards the latter part of August. Consequently, WFP has requested to borrow an additional 5,000 Mt. of cereals to cover needs in the interim. Once resumed, cereal distributions are expected to extend into November with the arrival of further shipments from: Italy (6,000 Mt. rice and 13,000 Mt. wheat), USA (5,000 Mt. rice) and Russia (40,500 Mt. wheat).

(b) Taking into account these contributions, shortfalls of about 65,600 Mt. are projected for the next six months (August through January 2004). Local food production factories will stop functioning from October as stocks of constituent commodities are depleted.

(c) Pest infestations continued to be reported in the western provinces of North and South Pyongan and North and South Hwanghae. With little chemical pesticide available and traditional methods being of limited efficiency, monitored counties reported mounting difficulties in curbing the scale of the infestation. UNDP is attempting to secure pesticide to assist.

(d) In late July emergencies occurred in Jongphyong (South Hamgyong) and Songwon (Chagang) caused by heavy rainfall. The FFW unit and regional team staff assessed both counties and 262 Mt. of food under the FFW scheme was approved to support infrastructure rehabilitation.

(e) Food stocks are running low in the Local Food Production facilities. The Government has agreed to loan another 20 Mt. of rice to keep RMB (rice milk blend), production ongoing till expected rice shipments arrive, as well 1,000 Mt. of cereals for production of blended foods at East coast factories. The Hamhung blended food factories received 100 Mt. of sugar on loan from the Government.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Guatemala, (3) Nicaragua

1) Colombia

(a) The local foundation ''Viva la Ciuadadanía'", reported last week that hunger is the major social drama in Cartagena and that the fifth cause of mortality is malnutrition; today 429,000 people in Cartagena live in "absolute misery", of which the majority has arrived in the last few years as displaced.

(b) WFP's sub-office in Cartagena has been providing assistance to increasing numbers of mal- nourished children since 2002. In July, it assisted 685 children in nutritional recovery centers.

(c) Due to threats from illegal armed groups, 1,346 persons were displaced from rural areas of western Antioquia department, one of the main areas of displacement. Displaced persons are being assisted in local village schools and in other communal facilities.

(d) The phasing out activities/last food distributions of PRRO 06139.0 will take place beginning August to pre-school beneficiaries. Last week, WFP delivered 41 Mts. to community kitchens and 276 Mts. to food for training and FFW projects in all 12 departments of the country.

(e) For the new PRRO 10158.0, WFP sub-offices have started the process of targeting the new pre-school, primary school children, MCH and nutritional recovery beneficiaries through the implementation of checklists and visits. The Country Office is finishing the pilot phase of the vulnerability assessment questionnaire, which will be used as the base line of the PRRO.

2) Guatemala

(a) The Constitutional Court has allowed the presidential bid of José Efraín Ríos Montt in view of the 9 November elections. His formal registration as presidential candidate for the ruling Frente Republicano Guatemalteco (FRG) took place on Thursday, July 31.

(b) Other presidential candidates of opposition parties have also registered for the upcoming elections. On Friday August 1, the contenders for Gran Alianza Nacional (GANA), Oscar Berger and Eduardo Stein, registered in the Electoral Supreme Court as candidates for President and Vice-president. Democracia Cristiana (DC) has also already registered its candidates for the presidential election.

(c) The heavy rains, that have affected the country for the past few weeks, have taken a break as a period of scarce rains (''canicula'") seems to have started and is likely to last for another two to three weeks.

(d) The Designated Official (DO), in consultation with the UN Security Management Team (UNDMT), declared Security Phase I since 29 July, at 18:00 until the situation returns to normal.

(e) WFP continues to monitor the situation through field visits, media reports, information from the national institute of seismology, vulcanology, meteorology and hydrology (INSIVUMEH), and CONRED (Coordinadora Nacional para la Reducción de Desastres).

3) Nicaragua

(a) On the week of 28 July, hundreds of peasants and agricultural workers from the coffee crisis-affected area of the country are demanding the government's compliance with the Tunas Agreement that put an end to last year's "plantones" (spontaneous roadside camps set up by unemployed coffee workers). Their main demands include the tenure of land, food, medicines and permanent jobs. WFP is closely monitoring the situation.

(b) A joint Ministry of Health/UNICEFnutritional baseline study was initiated on the week of 4 August while WFP's second food distribution is being carried out under PRRO 10212.0, "Targeted food assistance for persons affected by shocks and the recovery of livelihoods" The study is intended to provide all involved institutions with indicators of acute malnutrition in the four most-affected municipalities in the coffee crisis area.

(c) Heavy rains during the last week of July caused flooding in the Northern Atlantic Region (RAAN), especially in the municipality of Prinzapolka. WFP's sub-office reports that hundreds of hectares of crops have been lost. A preliminary report by the Civil Defense is expected during this week.

(d) The third food distribution to the drought and flood-affected areas of the RAAN will begin on the second week of August. A total of 347 MT of food will be distributed in order to assist 57,510 pre and primary school boys and girls. Food rations include maize, rice, CSM, beans and vegetable oil.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tonnes

(End WFP Emergency Report No 32)