Violence against women and girls: Evidence digest - Issue 15, April 2018
Here is a selection of the latest evidence on violence against women and girls (VAWG):
ENGAGING MEN AS FATHERS
The impact of engaging fathers on Intimate Partner Violence:
Findings from a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in Rwanda (April 2018) This RCT assessed the impact of the Bandebereho (‘role model’) gender-transformative couples’ intervention. At the 21 month follow-up, more than half of women in the control group (57%) reported experiencing physical violence from the partner in the previous 12 months, compared to one-third (33%) of women in the intervention group. Similarly, rates of sexual violence from a partner were 60% among women in the control group compared to 35% in the intervention group.
Fathers engaged in the two year MenCare couples intervention also spent one hour or more per day doing unpaid care work and household chores.
The findings provide much needed rigorous evidence of the effectiveness of male engagement approaches to tackling intimate partner violence (IPV), and highlight fatherhood as an effective entry point for gender transformative interventions.
Cash transfers and IPV in low and middle income countries (February, 2018) In response to increasing evidence of the impact of cash transfer (CT) programmes on IPV, this mixed method review of 23 studies in low and middle income countries explores pathways for how cash transfers may impact on IPV.
The report proposes three pathways through which CT could impact IPV: 1) Economic security and emotional wellbeing;
2) intra-household conflict; and 3) women’s empowerment. The first pathway is the only one that exclusively reduces IPV; the other two pathways may increase or decrease IPV, depending on whether additional cash aggravates or reduces relationship conflict and/or how men respond to women’s increased empowerment.
The report finds that complementary activities such as trainings and group meetings are likely to be key factors in the effectiveness of CT programmes to reduce IPV.