Timor-Leste: Health Sector Resilience and Performance in a Time of Instability

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During the civil conflict and political violence in Timor-Leste (East Timor) in late April and May 2006, over 3000 homes were burned and an estimated 150,000 people, around 15% of the entire population were displaced. More than 64 camps for displaced people were established in Dili, the capital city, and then supported through the delivery of services. Instability and insecurity continued into 2007 with another peak after the recent formation of the new government, under Xanana Gusmao, in July/August.

The Timor-Leste Health Sector Resilience Study was undertaken by the School of Public Health and Community Medicine, The University of New South Wales in collaboration with the Australian National University, and the Menzies School of Health Research and was funded by AusAID. The research report documents the Timorese health sector response to the national crisis - and in particular the significant achievements in maintaining services during a period of instability. It is one of very few real time analyses of a health system response to an emergency.