Security Sector Reform and Governance Processes in West Africa: From Concepts to Reality

In light of the rapidly changing and evolving security situation in West Africa, this paper analyses ECOWAS policy documents relating to SSR and highlights the challenges of translating norms to practice. It assesses ECOWAS’s concrete support to SSR processes in the region, both as a partner and as a leading actor and outlines challenges to overcome and opportunities to be seized by ECOWAS in its role in supporting SSR. Finally, it puts forward recommendations to key stakeholders on how a Regional Framework for Security Sector Reform and Governance could serve as a platform for SSR support and a tool for conflict prevention and sustainable development.