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Scaling up resilience-building measures through community-driven development projects: Guidance note

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Foreword

The Asia and Pacific region has made significant progress in reducing poverty over the last half century. However, these achievements in social and economic development may not be sustained due to the vulnerability of the region to significant climate change and disaster risks. The impacts of these risks will be borne mostly by poor and vulnerable groups and are expected to further increase in the context of the region’s overlapping development challenges such as rising inequality, demographic change, poor quality infrastructure, deficits in public services, unplanned urban growth, and weak institutions.

If the ambition of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction are to be achieved, strengthening the resilience of the poor and vulnerable to climate change and disasters must be considered an integral part of efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, especially the goal of ending poverty in all its forms everywhere.

Community-driven development projects have at their core the objectives of poverty reduction and community empowerment. Community-driven development projects adopt inclusive, participatory, and bottom-up approaches to address gaps in access to community infrastructure and social services. Such projects are ideal for strengthening community disaster resilience as they enable the participation of poor and vulnerable populations in identifying climate and disaster risk, and prioritizing measures to manage such risks in the context of wider community development. Moreover, community-driven development projects can scale programs up to district or national coverage, which becomes essential in the face of rapidly increasing climate and disaster risk. When implemented in conjunction with governance reforms aimed at decentralization, community-driven development projects can facilitate the participation of the poor and most vulnerable in decision-making processes, including allocation of resources to manage disaster and climate risk at the local level.

This volume provides guidance to community-driven development practitioners on how resilience-building measures can be implemented in community-driven development projects yet be flexible enough to address local characteristics of risk and ensure that no one is left behind.

Asian Development Bank
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