Water is essential to human development and prosperity, but many people still live without reliable access to it. As the number of people in the world increases, water scarcity is forecast to worsen. The Safeguarding the World’s Water report documents USAID’s water sector activities that address key global challenges during fiscal year 2014. The report also shares progress made during the first year of implementing its Water and Development Strategy. To ensure the greatest transformative impact, the Strategy commits to concentrating the Agency’s water programs around two strategic objectives, water for health and water for food, across priority countries based on needs, opportunities, and strategic considerations.