The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC), US Department of Health and Human Services DHHS), officially began
a refugee program in 1998 and has since increased the program's focus
on refugee reproductive health. DRH defines refugees and internally displaced
persons (IDPs) as all populations affected by conflict, including those
in the emergency phase, those in post-emergency camps, those returning
to their countries of origin, and those who have integrated into the local
host community. This broad definition allows public health officers to
follow health issues throughout the refugee experience - from the emergency
setting to that of viable communities.
The Reproductive Health Assessment Toolkit
for Conflict-Affected Women can be used to quantitatively assess reproductive
health risks, services, and outcomes in conflict-affected women between
15 and 49 years of age. Survey data can be used to compare a population
across points in time or to make comparisons across populations.