Over the past 17 years, the women and peace and security agenda has become an essential component of global affairs and a tool necessary for strengthening the effectiveness of United Nations efforts in conflict prevention and resolution and humanitarian action. It is a prerequisite for the fulfilment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Across the three pillars of the United Nations — security, human rights and development — the women and peace and security agenda contributes to transformative change. The past two decades have produced sufficient, credible evidence that women’s meaningful participation measurably strengthens protection efforts, accelerates economic recovery, deepens peacebuilding efforts and leads to more sustainable peace. Growing research in recent years also points to the direct relationship between gender equality on the one hand and resilience to and prevention of conflict on the other. Despite the evidence supporting the transformative power of this agenda, the clear and detailed road map provided through the recommendations of the 2015 global study on women, peace and security, the 2015 peace and security reviews 1 and the increased need for an effective solution to growing global challenges, the actual implementation of the women and peace and security agenda continues to fall short.
The present report is submitted pursuant to the presidential statement dated 26 October 2010 (S/PRST/2010/22), in which the Security Council requested annual reports on the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000), resolution 2122 (2013), in which the Council called for updates on progress made across all areas of the women and peace and security agenda, highlighting gaps and challenges. It includes updates on the status of implementation of the resolution since the issuance of the previous report (S/2016/822), reflecting indicator data and highlighting trends. It also provides an update on progress made pursuant to resolution 2242 (2015), which was adopted following the conduct of three peace and security reviews in 2015, with a focus on how the effective implementation of the women and peace and security agenda directly contributes to preventing conflict and sustaining peace. It offers a set of core, overarching and catalytic recommendations that speak to the most fundamental challenges.
The report is based on data and analysis provided by entities of the United Nations system, including peace operations and country teams, and inputs from Member States, regional organizations and civil society.