Regulating conventional arms transfers: A humanitarian imperative

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An effective Arms Trade Treaty that protects civilians from the devastating consequences of inadequately regulated arms transfers is urgently needed. One of the most important objectives of such a treaty must be to reduce the human cost of the availability of weapons. This can be achieved by setting clear norms so that transfers of conventional arms and ammunition are not authorized when there is a clear risk that the arms will be used to commit serious violations of international humanitarian law.