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Peacebuilding in Africa: evolving challenges, responses and new African thinking

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In recent decades, the peacebuilding landscape in Africa has shifted dramatically both in response to the changing dynamics of conflict as well as the emergence of new conflict actors on the continent. In many cases, the changing landscape of conflict has thrown up challenges that exceed the initial scope of provisions of existing peacebuilding norms and frameworks. These changes have exacerbated the peacebuilding dilemma in a context where post-war peace tends to unravel within the first decade of the signing of a peace agreement/cessation of hostilities and conflict. It also raises questions about the challenges that emerging shifts in conflict dynamics and the international context pose for the idea and practice of peacebuilding in Africa.

This meeting, focusing on African perspectives on peacebuilding, brought together leading African researchers, policy analysts and other peacebuilding actors with counterparts from other parts of the world. It aimed:

  • to assess the current threat landscape in Africa and the challenges to building stable peace.

  • to analyse the dynamics of peacebuilding and Africa-global engagements since the end of the Cold War and implications thereof.

  • to explore and discuss current and emerging thinking and analysis on peacebuilding in Africa from African perspectives.

  • to discuss alternative and/or complementary peacebuilding approaches which are potentially relevant to the transformation of the conflict and security landscape in Africa