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Pacific syndromic surveillance report: Week 6, ending 7 February 2016

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Situation Report
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The following syndromes have been flagged:

  • Diarrhoea: Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Fiji, Samoa

  • Influenza-like illness: FSM

Other updates

Zika virus neurological complications

As of 30 January 2016, the Brazil Ministry of Health reported 4 783 cases of microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformation including 76 deaths. Of the 76 reported deaths due to congenital malformations, Zika virus was identified in fetal tissue of 5 cases. Although the microcephaly cases in Brazil are spatio-temporally associated with the Zika outbreak, more robust investigations and research is needed to better understand this potential link. For further information please refer to WHO

Zika virus

Tonga: There have been 549 suspected cases and two confirmed cases. Awareness campaigns have been launched by the government with increased efforts to destroy mosquito breeding sites. Source: Matangi Tonga

Acute Fever and Rash

There continues to be an increase in the number of cases reported from American Samoa from the end of December to week ending 7 February 2016. Samples have been sent for confirmatory testing and results are pending. Source: American Samoa Department of Health.

Dengue

Fiji: increasing numbers of Dengue-Like Illness (DLI) have been reported for week ending 7 February 2016. Source: Fiji Syndromic Surveillance System French Polynesia: there were 53 confirmed cases for week ending 31 January 2016. Dengue serotype 1 is in circulation. Source: French Polynesia Ministry of Health.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Between 22 and 27 January 2016, the National International Health Regulation Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 5 additional cases of MERS-CoV infection. Globally, since September 2012, WHO has been notified of 1,638 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV, including at least 587 related deaths.