As Nairobi Summit ends, time to focus on accountability
UNITED NATIONS, New York - The Nairobi Summit on ICPD25 wrapped up last week with more than 1,200 concrete commitments to help ensure sexual and reproductive health and rights for all by 2030.
Donor countries pledged around $1 billion in support to sexual and reproductive health and gender equality programmes. Private sector firms agreed to mobilize a combined $8 billion.
But the pledges made were much more than financial. Organizations, governments and businesses also put forward bold, visionary plans to spark change and meet unmet needs. For instance, Kenya, the host country and co-convenor of the Summit, pushed forward its deadline to end female genital mutilation, now calling to end the practice by 2022, eight years earlier than its previous target.
The Summit opened with a look back at all that had been achieved since the original International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. The world has lowered maternal mortality and advanced gender equality – but not nearly enough, the event’s more than 9,500 attendees reflected.
As the Summit closed, participants looked ahead towards the necessary next step: making sure that partners make good on their commitments.
Framework to model commitments
“It was only a start,” Josephine Kibaru-Mbae, Director-General of the Kenya National Council for Population and Development, said of the Summit. "We leave Nairobi with a clear roadmap of actions we must all take to advance the ICPD agenda and transform the world for women and girls." For many, that roadmap is the Nairobi Statement.
Unveiled just before the Summit, the Nairobi Statement offers a forward-looking framework for meeting the sexual and reproductive health needs of women, young people and marginalized groups. It formulated following six months of global consultations, and offers a set of 12 core commitments as a basis for partners to model their own commitments around.
The Statement calls for achieving “three zeros” – zero maternal deaths, zero unmet need for family planning and zero gender-based violence and harmful practices against women and girls – by 2030, the deadline for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
"Such a world is within our reach, if we all fully deliver the promise we made in Cairo,” South African State Minister Jackson Mthembu said in a statement endorsing the Nairobi Statement on behalf of 55 countries. “We had great belief in the consensus we achieved then.”
He added: “Twenty-five years of social and economic progress has shown what can be accomplished and paved the way forward."
Monitoring and accountability
The Nairobi Statement calls on partners to "report periodically on the progress towards fulfilling these commitments through transparent means and/or in appropriate public fora.”
UNFPA is now working with partners to develop a mechanism to hold all commitment-makers to account.
"I am pleased to announce that UNFPA will create a new high-level commission to drive this agenda and our commitments forward,” UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Natalia Kanem announced in her closing remarks. “We will draw from the full spectrum of stakeholders — government and the private sector, young people and activists, civil society and philanthropy. The commission will propose ways to monitor progress on the commitments made here this week, while accounting for all existing global, regional, and national follow-up mechanisms."
UNFPA will also adapt its own country-level efforts to help countries make good on their commitments.
"Together, we will work to make the next 10 years, years of action and results for women and girls, in keeping with the decade of delivery on the SDGs," Dr. Kanem said. "Together, we will make sure that promises made are promises kept."