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Mixed Migration Flows in the Mediterranean: Compilation of available data and information (October 2017)

Situation Report
Originally published
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  • 160,247 Total arrivals to Europe

  • 150,895 Total arrivals to Europe by sea

  • 9,352 Total arrivals to Europe by land


DTM Flow Monitoring data, compiled based on informa on received from IOM offices and national authorities shows that between January and October 2017, a total of 160,247 migrants and asylum seekers have arrived to Europe through land and sea routes. This represents a 55% decrease when compared to arrivals to Spain, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria and Cyprus recorded during the same period in 2016 (total of 355,356).

However, when looking at each country dynamic, more than 70% of all migrants and asylum seekers who arrived by sea (150,895) were registered in Italy. Between January and October, a total of 111,397 migrants disembarked on Italian shores. This represents a 30% decrease compared to the previous year when 159,427 migrants were reported arriving to Italy.

Overall arrivals to Greece this year noticeably decreased (84%) in comparison to the dynamic monitored throughout 2016, from 172,777 to 28,340 respectively. However, available data shows a slight rise in arrivals over the past few months from a monthly average of 2,508 between May and July to an average of 5,015 between August and October.

In regards to land routes, 46% of land arrivals have been recorded in two Spanish enclaves in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla (4,314). Available data shows that since January 2017, 19,067 migrants have arrived to Spain by sea and land, which, in contrast to the sitau on in Greece and Italy, represents a 120% increase when compared to the same period in 2016.

During this reporting period, there were no reported incidents in the Black Sea region. For an overview of collected data on apprehensions in August and September, please check page 8.