The emerging subfield of "security demographics"
examines the linkages between population dynamics and the security trajectories
of nation-states. For the last 5 to 10 years, researchers have examined
the security aspects of such topics as the demographic transition, the
sub-replacement birth rates of developed economies, the proportion of young
men as compared to older men in the population, the effects of legal and
illegal immigration, and the effects of pandemics such as AIDS and drug-resistant
This paper aims to add the variable
of gender balance to the discussion: are societies with an abnormal ratio
between men and women less secure?