Middle East and North Africa, Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Monthly Regional Update - October 2018
Regional Flow Monitoring Network
124 FMPs are currently active in three countries in the region.
As of the last report (July and August 2018) IOM identified at least 669,176 migrants currently in Libya. Migrants were identified in 100 municipalities, within 554 communities originating from more than 41 countries [primarily from Niger (19%), Egypt (14%) and Chad (14%)]. Information on current migration flows was collected through 1,897 assessments. Migrants were primarily located in Tripoli (22%), Misrata (12%) and Ejdabia (10%).
The top 5 nationalities identified were Nigerien (19%), Egyptian (14%), Chadian (14%), Sudanese (12%) and Nigerian (10%). Together, these nationalities accounted for up to 69 per cent of Libya’s migrant population. Out of the 630,907 individuals from Africa, 438,297 (65%) originated from Sub-Saharan countries and 192,613 individuals (29%) from North African countries. 60 per cent of both African and Asian migrants were identified in Libya’s western mantikas, with the highest concentration in Tripoli and surrounding areas. Other identified migrants were split between East and South (21.5% and 18.5% respectively).
Through its IOM Maritime Incidents tracking activities, DTM provides updates on the number of maritime incidents off the Libyan coast, as well as the latest figures on Italy arrivals and recorded deaths along the Central Mediterranean Route.
In October 2018, 353 individuals were returned by the coast guard and 0 bodies were retrieved. This brings the total number of people returned to the Libyan Coast by the coast guards in 2018 to 14,377, while 1,267 deaths were recorded along the Central Mediterranean Route in 2018.
DTM Libya Round 22 Migrant Report (September – October) will be published and disseminated accordingly.
Since July 2017, IOM in Sudan has monitored returns of Sudanese migrants from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The returns are monitored at the entry points of Khartoum International Airport (KRT) in Khartoum and at the port of Sawakin in Port Sudan state. IOM DTM teams, jointly with the Secretariat of Sudanese Working Abroad (SSWA), register Sudanese nationals returning via these entry points. In October 2018, 1,826 Sudanese returned through KRT. Since the beginning of 2018, a total of 38,644 Sudanese migrants returning from KSA have been registered, 92 per cent of whom were registered at Khartoum International Airport. 67 per cent of the returnees were identified as men, whereas 33 per cent were women. More than half of the registered returnees (58%) were of working age (18 to 59 years), and 23 per cent were school age children. From January to October, 13,393 Sudanese migrants were identified at the Abyei flow monitoring point crossing the border from Sudan.
In Yemen, DTM Flow Monitoring exercises counted 9,280 migrants arriving by boat during October 2018. This brings the total number of cross border migrants recorded so far in 2018 to 75,349.
The majority of migrants observed in October were Ethiopian nationals (85% or 7,887 individuals), and 15 per cent were Somali nationals (1,393 individuals). Arrivals of Ethiopian nationals increased by 69 per cent in October from the 4,668 individuals recorded in September, and the number of Somali nationals recorded decreased by 15 per cent from the number reported in the previous month (1,646 individuals). 88 per cent intended to reach Saudi Arabia (8,126 individuals), and 12 per cent (1,154 individuals) intended to stay in Yemen. The October figures show an increase of 709 individuals from September in the proportion of migrants who intend to stay in Yemen.
Since November 2017, DTM Yemen has been tracking returns from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a border Flow Monitoring Point in Al Wadea’a, Hadramaut Governorate. Between January and October 2018, 62,713 individuals have returned to Yemen. During October alone, 6,437 returns were recorded.