Internal Displacement Update, Issue 15: 6 - 19 April 2017
About 331,000 people were displaced between 17 October 2016 and 18 April 2017 from Mosul, mostly to Ninewa governorate (IOM, 18 April 2017).
About 11,000 IDPs returned to their places of origin between 7 and 13 April, which is twice as many as in the previous week. Most, about 7,600, left camps east and north-east of Mosul. Among the returnees, some IDPs originally from western Mosul decided to wait in eastern Mosul for their places of origin to become accessible. Reasons to move included information from relatives that the security situation in eastern Mosul was stable, severe movement restrictions in camps, and wishing to reunite with relatives, resume work and avoid difficult living conditions in tents as the weather became hotter (UNHCR, 13 April 2017).
Satellite imagery and other research shows more than 1,100 houses were destroyed in Mosul, mostly in western Mosul since 19 February along with extensive damage to infrastructure, public facilities and private buildings. Damage to residential buildings in western Mosul is two and a half times greater than in eastern Mosul (UNHCR, 13 April 2017).
Several hundred IDPs crossed the flooded Tigris river in small wooden boats because flooding closed bridges, slowing the outflow of IDPs from western Mosul to the IDP reception, screening and transit site of Hammam al-Alil, and humanitarian access to Hammam al-Alil (Reuters, 16 April 2017; UNHCR, 17 April 2017).
Dozens of families originally from ISIL-controlled districts of Qaim, Ramadi and Fallujah and now displaced to Heet district in Anbar province face forcible eviction because the authorities and some residents accuse them of terrorism or collaboration with ISIL. One displaced man said: "My cousin had joined ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant or ISIL) and was later killed in military operations. ISIS bombed my house because I refused to join them. But that wasn't enough to convince the authorities in Heet that we are victims of these events and that we are not terrorists” (IOHR, 8 April 2017).