As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
Immediate funding is required to respond to the needs of more than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. An estimated 1.4 million children are at imminent risk of death from severe acute malnutrition. With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the UN and partners will further scale up to respond to and avert famine. Humanitarian operations in the four countries require $5.6 billion in 2017. Of this sum, $4.4 billion is urgently required by end March to strengthen famine response and prevention in four key sectors: food security, nutrition, health and WASH.
On 24 February, the Oslo Humanitarian Conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region -- co-hosted by Norway, Germany, Nigeria and the United Nations – highlighted the $1.5 billion needed for urgent humanitarian response in Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Fourteen donors announced a total of $672 million of which $458 million is for humanitarian action in 2017 and $214 million in multi-year funding for 2018 and beyond.
Urgent funding is required for the health sector in Libya. In Iraq, principled humanitarian assistance must be maintained after the retake of Mosul, Tal Afar, Hawija, and Ba’aj, with millions of Iraqis returning home or still living in areas they moved to during the conflict. In Ukraine, escalating hostilities and severe winter temperatures are exacerbating the humanitarian situation. In Afghanistan, displacement continues with some 22,000 people newly internally displaced in the first six weeks of 2017. Please see icon overleaf for information on other urgent funding needs.
In February, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) approved $18.5 million to jumpstart time-critical assistance targeting 785,000 drought-affected people in Ethiopia, $3.5 million to address declining food security in Burundi, and $4.6 million for conflict-affected people in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. For 2017, 13 donors have contributed a total of $93.1 million to CERF, and approximately $245 million remain as pledges while a few key donors are undergoing internal budgetary processes before making any pledges. Due to an unusually low cash inflow in the first quarter of this year, CERF is actively reaching out to several donors to urgently request that pledges be converted into contributions to avoid delayed approval and disbursements due to lack of cash.
As of end February, Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPFs) have received a total of $119 million for 2017 (including $56 million in pledges), from eight donors. Some $16 million have been allocated in Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen, with three quarters of that amount directed to NGOs. At the Oslo Conference for Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region the Emergency Relief Coordinator launched a new CBPF for Nigeria, bringing the number of active CBPFs to 18. The Nigeria Humanitarian Fund will make funds directly available to a wide range of partners, and aims to attract between $50 million and $80 million in support of the HRP in 2017.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.