This paper argues that access to a basic water
requirement is a fundamental human right implicitly and explicitly supported
by international law, declarations, and State practice. Governments, international
aid agencies, non-governmental organizations, and local communities should
work to provide all humans with a basic water requirement and to guarantee
that water as a human right. The paper is divided into the following sections:
- Is there a human right to water?
- Existing human rights laws, covenants,
- Defining and meeting a human right to
By focusing on water as a human right, this
paper seeks to provide a useful tool for addressing one of the most fundamental
failures of 20th century development.