Global Emergency Overview Weekly Picks, 2 August 2017
Mauritania is now out of the ranking
Mauritania has longstanding food security challenges, which has contributed to malnutrition, most of which are in the south and eastern parts of the country. This is compounded by over 50,000 Malian refugees who fled violence since 2012.
However, food security is improving, with only few pockets of Stressed (IPC 2) food security outcomes between June and September 2017, and Minimal (IPC 1) food security outcomes expected for the whole of the country between October 2017 and January 2018.
166,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance due to the ongoing conflict in the Pool region where access is constrained in 8 of the 13 districts.
In displacement sites, there is a lack of shelter, access to basic health care is almost nonexistent, and sanitary conditions are dire, which has led to a resurgence of diarrheal diseases such as cholera.
In addition, nutrition and food needs are high: global acute malnutrition rates in Pool and Bouenza regions are above the emergency threshold (15%) among IDPs.
People living in Al Shabaab controlled areas in south central regions of the country are living in siege conditions with very limited access to food during the ongoing drought, and lack of access to medication during the cholera outbreak in the country.
As of late June, Al Shabaab militants have banned humanitarian assistance in areas they control. Residents in several towns such as Tayeeglow in Bakool region have been ordered by Al Shabaab not to flee in search of food aid, water, or medical treatment and are being used as human shields against military airstrikes. Individuals caught attempting to contact humanitarian aid organisations are labelled as spies by Al Shabaab and face execution.
Access deteriorated in July due to increasing insecurity and attacks targeting both IDPs and aid workers in several parts of the country.
Attacks on health facilities, looting of humanitarian convoys, and attacks on aid workers resulted in suspension of operations in Bangassou in Mbomou, Kaga Bandoro in Nana-Grebizi, Zemio in Haut-Mbomou, and Amada Gaza in Mambéré Kadei. This has notably restricted food delivery and health services provision, and limits people’s access to healthcare.
Information gap on drought-related needs in DPRK
Prolonged dry weather conditions from April to late June in the main central and southern cereal-producing provinces in DPRK caused serious concerns about the final production of the 2017 main cropping season.
If rains do not improve soon, the 2017 cereal output may decrease significantly. Immediate interventions (such as direct food aid) are needed to support the affected farmers and prevent negative coping strategies for the most vulnerable household.
Any insight on more specific needs of those affected by the drought will be more than welcome. Please contact our analysis team on email@example.com