Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
Iraq: Conflict in Anbar province continues to drive severe humanitarian needs. As government and Popular Mobilisation Forces strengthen their positions around Falluja, besieged citizens face worsening shortages of food, fuel and medicines. Basic food prices have soared over 500% since December.
Ukraine: Conflict is escalating again, mostly around Donetsk, Gorlovka, Azov and Mariupol. As a result of fighting and restricted access, 290,000 people are severely food insecure. In addition, more than 3.2 million cases of swine flu have been reported since the end of September: epidemic thresholds have been exceeded in 19 of 27 regions. Medical shortages are being reported, and over 120 people have died because they did not receive timely medical assistance.
Zimbabwe: A typhoid outbreak has been reported in the capital Harare, with over 800 suspected and confirmed cases recorded as of 7 February. The outbreak is likely related to the water shortage in many reservoirs, caused by the ongoing drought, which is forcing people to use water from unsafe sources. Many areas in eastern Zimbabwe have been experiencing less than a quarter of normal rainfall, since the beginning of January.