• El Nino related rains has improved food and nutrition security in many parts of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, southern Ethiopia and south and central Somalia during the last season (Oct-Dec 2015).
• As of February 2016, close to 20.4 million people are facing severe (crisis and emergency – IPC Phases 3 & 4) food insecurity and malnutrition in parts of Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, Burundi, Djibouti and Uganda, require urgent live-saving humanitarian assistance. The critical malnutrition situation is likely to persist across these countries. UNICEF reports about 1.44 million children under 5 years are acutely malnourished in Ethiopia in 2016; while for South Sudan the 2016 projection is around 0.7 million cases; and in Somalia 0.3 million cases are expected with sustained high malnutrition rates among IDPs in Somalia.
• The main drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition are El Nino-induced drought, protracted conflict, economic shocks and structural vulnerabilities. With the onset of the lean season, food and nutrition insecurity is likely to deteriorate further in parts of Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti, Burundi and Uganda (Karamoja) till early harvests can be anticipated in June-August 2016.
• There are over 11 million people displaced in the region, of which more than 2.8 million refugees and close to 8.4 million are internally displaced people. This represents an increase of 17 per cent up from December 2015. Humanitarian partners experienced 30 per cent ration cuts for some of the refugee caseloads in 2015.