DDR: Mapping Issues, Dilemmas and Guiding Principles


This 28 page briefing note discusses Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR): defining what it can and can not do and the preconditions necessary for its success.

Nicole Ball (from the Center on International Policy, Washington DC) and Luc van de Goor (Clingendael Institute) address some of the problems that practitioners will encounter in dealing with DDR program design and implementation. The document provides a concise overview of some of the main lessons learned, as well as some guidance questions.

The paper upholds that DDR must be seen as part of the political process of consolidating peace and promoting stability, not as a technical activity. DDR should therefore be tailored to the local political context, the institutional and human capacity of countries undergoing DDR, and reflect the realities of economic life in conflict-affected countries.