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Committee on Rights of the Child holds fifty-ninth session in Geneva from16 January to 3 February 2012

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Committee on the Rights of the Child
BACKGROUND RELEASE

12 January 2012

Situation of Children’s’ Rights in Azerbaijan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar, Madagascar, Togo, Thailand, Cook Islands and Niue to be reviewed

The Committee on the Rights of the Child will meet at the Palais Wilson in Geneva from 16 January to 3 February 2012 to review the promotion and protection of children's rights under the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its two Optional Protocols in Azerbaijan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar, Madagascar, Togo, Thailand, Cook Islands and Niue.

The Committee is a body of independent experts formed in 1991 to monitor the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by its State parties. The Convention gives a comprehensive collection of children's rights the force of international law. The Committee also monitors implementation of two Optional Protocols to the Convention: the first on the involvement of children in armed conflict and the second on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. A third Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure was recently approved by the United Nations General Assembly on 19 December 2011. It will allow individual children to submit complaints about specific violations of their human rights under the Convention and its first two Optional Protocols. The Protocol opens for signature in 2012 and will enter into force upon ratification by 10 United Nations Member States.