Capitalizing on pastoralism to feed people and achieve livestock sector sustainability

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The Global Agenda of Action towards sustainable livestock sector development(GAA) has embraced the concept of improving “natural resource use efficiency”(NRUE) by means of new technologies to meet the world’s growing demand for livestock products while also reducing the environmental costs of the sector. This policy brief proposes an alternative approach to increasing livestock sector output without adding to environmental externalities: enhanced and more efficient use of the biomass in arid and remote areas by means of strengthened and modernized pastoralist production systems.
Such an approach would not only diminish the environmental costs, but also enhance countries’ selfsufficiency and contribute to national poverty alleviation, sustainable rural development and reduce rural-urban migration. Here we collate arguments in favour of according pastoralism a more prominent role in achieving future food security and present recommendations for strengthening and modernizing such decentralised approaches to livestock production