WHY A REGIONAL FOCUS MODEL?
A key challenge faced by humanitarian agencies is how to ensure that limited available resources are allocated where they are most needed and are efficiently delivered in a principled manner. Decisions to allocate resources must strike a balance between meeting the immediate needs of crisis affected communities and supporting efforts to strengthen resilience and response preparedness to future emergencies.
To support humanitarian partners address some of these challenges, the OCHA Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP) produces the Regional Focus Model (RFM) similar to previous analyses in 2015 and 2016, the model is based on INFORM (http://www.inform-index.org/), a global risk index that identifies and analyze where crises requiring international assistance may occur. It can be used to support decisions about disaster risk reduction, emergency preparedness and response.
The model identifies hazard-prone countries that combine high vulnerability to hazards and low capacity to respond and are therefore more likely to accept or request support from the international community. The model also includes a "Humanitarian" component reflecting issues more directly related to OCHA's coordination work. It is designed to be a practical tool to inform and guide disaster managers. The tool is also used by OCHA to guide its regional strategic framework and annual work plan.
In 2017, the RFM covers analysis of 38 countries in the Asia-Pacific region under ROAP in Bangkok, Thailand and Office of the Pacific in Suva, Fiji.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.